Monday, May 31, 2010

Ignacia Archuleta

Click on the image to make it larger.

This is a chart on my maternal grandmother Ignacia Archuleta. It illustrates how little we know of her ancestors. Especially if you consider what we know of her husbands, Roman Benavidez. This is as far back as we have been able to get in over 10 years of looking. Stuck for sure.


Sunday, May 30, 2010

Parte de La Historia de Tomas Antonio Encinias


Click on the image to make it larger. Note lines 33 through 38.

Tomas Antonio Encinas is my 3rd great grandfather. Gleaning material from the historical record on him is fascinating, he lived such a long life. He saw a whole lot of New Mexico History. 

Tomas Antonio was born in New Mexico, New Spain in 1773 to Jose Xavier Encinias and Maria Francisca Barranca. This was 173 years after his ancestors came to this land with don Juan de Onate and three years before the American Colonies got their independence from England in 1776.

He was married 3 different times.  The first time to Maria Apolonia Benavidez on the 8th of May of 1813 at the age of 40. The battle of New Orleans was being fought in the United States in this year. The padrinos were Josef Venavides and Josefa Urioste. The witnesses were Diego Padilla and Antonio Armenta. There were 4 known children from this marriage, one daughter and 3 sons. Maria Apolonia died on the 11th of  September of 1822.

In the Spanish Colonial Census of 1823 Tomas is listed as a shoemaker, a widower and living in Rio Tesuque.

He next married Maria Rosa Roybal, my 3rd great grandmother, on the 1st of October in 1825 at the age of 52. Maria Rosa was the daughter  of Eusebio Roybal and Maria Francisca Ortiz.  New Mexico was still New Spain at this time.  He married Maria Rosa Roybal at the Pueblo y Mission de San Ydlfonso, Testigos,  or the witness,  were Miguel Ortiz y Jose el Scristan. If Miguel Ortiz and "el sacristan" were the only witnesses then it must have been a low key affair as compared to the first marriage where he had both padrinos and witnesses. The fact that el sacristan is not named indicates that the individual was probably an Indian. Between 1824 and 1845 they would have 8 children, 3 more sons and 5 more daughters.

A funny thing happened during this part of Tomas Antonio's life. His oldest son from his marriage with Maria Apolonia Benavidez, named Juan Bartolo Sepuriano Cipriano Encinias, married his father's, sister in law, Maria Estefana Roybal. Bartolo and Maria Estefana were married on the 6th of February of 1839 in Jacona, New Mexico. That means that Tomas Antonio and his son Bartolo were not only father and son but also brothers in law.

Meanwhile Tomas Antonio went through the Independence of New Mexico and the rest of New Spain from the nation of Spain. He was there at the birth of the Republic of Mexico. Then a few years later he went through the transformation again, this time with the invasion and annexation of New Mexico by the United States of America. By this time Tomas Antonio had been a citizen of New Spain, the Republic of Mexico and the United States of America.  All of this while staying in place.

On the 16th of September in 1855 he married for the last time at the tender age of 82. The woman was 24 year old Maria Dolores Aragon, daughter of Manuel Antonio Aragon and Manuela Gonsales from Las Mulas, New Mexico.  Las Mulas is now called North San Isidro in San Miguel County. They were married at San Miguel del Bado, Tomas Antonio Encinias and Maria Dolores Aragon would have 6 children, 5 sons and a daughter. All of this while living in El Gusano (Now South San Isidro), New Mexico in San Miguel County.

He, along with his family, were enumerated in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census at the age of 97 in El Gusano New Mexico. Refer to the image above on lines 33 through 38 to get a look at his family. He is listed as a farm laborer at age 97. 

He was buried in Las Vegas, New Mexico on the 6th of December of 1877 at the age of 104 years.  

Thursday, May 20, 2010

Neat Genealogical Chart

The chart below is an interesting way to display genealogical information. This is for my maternal Grandfather, Roman Benavidez. On the outer left, the lady identified as Maria Guadalupe Francisca Barranca was some times listed by the last name of Martin in the historical documents. Click on the image to make it larger.

Monday, May 17, 2010

Encinias from San Miguel County, New Mexico. El Gusano (South San Isidro) and Later Rowe, New Mexico

THE NAME IS SPELLED SEVERAL WAYS ON THE RECORDS.

Modified Register for Jose Javier Encinias


First Generation

1. Jose Javier Encinias  was born in 1753. He was buried on 8 Jun 1829 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

Jose married Maria Guadalupe Francisca Barranca . Maria was born in 1753. She was buried on 28 Oct 1816 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

+ 2 M i. Tomas Antonio Encinas  was born in 1773. He was buried on 6 Dec 1877. 

3 M ii. Jose Antonio Encinias  was born on 9 Oct 1789 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He was christened on 13 Oct 1789 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 



Second Generation

2. Tomas Antonio Encinas  (Jose Javier) was born in 1773. He was buried on 6 Dec 1877 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

Tomas married (1) Maria Apolonia Benavidez  on 8 May 1813 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1793. She was buried on 11 Sep 1822 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

+ 4 M i. Juan Bartolo Sepuriano Cipriano Encinias  was born in 1816. 

5 F ii. Maria Frebonia Encinas .

6 M iii. Jose Maria Encinas .

7 M iv. Francisco Encinas .


Tomas married (2) Maria Rosa Roybal  daughter of Jose(f) Eusibio Roybal and Maria Francisca Ortiz on 1 Oct 1825 in San Ildefonso, New Mexico. Maria was born on 31 Aug 1801. She died in 1857. 

They had the following children:

+ 8 F v. Maria Marcelina Encinas  was born in 1824. 

+ 9 M vi. Juan Pablo Encinias  was born in 1826. 

+ 10 F vii. Maria Josefa Encinas  was born in 1835. 

+ 11 M viii. Antonio Encinas  was born in 1837. 

+ 12 F ix. Maria del Socorro Encinas  was born on 22 Sep 1838. 

+ 13 F x. Maria Febronia Encinas  was born on 25 Jun 1841. 

14 M xi. Jose Anastacio Encinas  was born on 19 Oct 1843. He was christened on 20 Oct 1843 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

+ 15 F xii. Ana Maria Encinas .


Tomas married (3) Maria Dolores Aragon  on 16 Sep 1855 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 3 Nov 1835. 

They had the following children:

16 M xiii. Antonio Encinias  was born in 1856. 
Antonio married Maclobia Barela  on 28 Feb 1876 in La Junta, New Mexico. Maclobia was born in 1856. 

+ 17 M xiv. Jose Sesario Encinias  was born on 24 Aug 1858. He died on 25 Feb 1894. 

18 M xv. Jose Santos Encinas  was born on 1 Nov 1860 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Nov 1860 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

19 M xvi. Jose Nazario Encinas  was born on 28 Jul 1863 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 31 Jul 1863 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

+ 20 M xvii. Jose Santos Encinias  was born on 1 Nov 1865. 

21 F xviii. Maria Dolores Encinas .


Third Generation

4. Juan Bartolo Sepuriano Cipriano Encinias  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1816. 

Juan married Maria Estefana Roybal  daughter of Jose(f) Eusibio Roybal and Maria Francisca Ortiz on 6 Feb 1839 in Pojaque, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1823. 

They had the following children:

22 M i. Jose Teodoro Encinias  was born on 1 Apr 1841. He was christened on 4 Apr 1841 in Santa Cruz, New Mexico. 

23 M ii. Pablo Encinias  was born in 1842. 

24 F iii. Desideria Encinias  was born in 1844. 
Desideria married (1) Antonio Valdez  on 14 Oct 1862 in Pecos, New Mexico. 
Desideria married (2) Jose Ursino Arias  on 1 Jun 1873 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

25 F iv. Maria Antonia Encinias  was born in 1845. 
Maria married Epitasio Vigil  on 27 Oct 1865 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

+ 26 F v. Maria Matilde Encinias  was born in 1847. 

27 F vi. Apolonia Encinias  was born in 1849. 
Apolonia married Oclonzo Valencia  on 24 Nov 1864 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

+ 28 F vii. Marcelina Encinias  was born in 1851. 

29 M viii. Jose Anastacio Encinias  was born on 26 Apr 1855 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Apr 1855 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 
Jose married Brigida Richer  on 20 Nov 1880 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

30 F ix. Maria Crecencia Encinias .
Maria married Severino Roybal  on 10 Jan 1872 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

+ 31 M x. Juan Pablo Encinas  was born on 27 Jun 1859. He died on 27 Mar 1906. 

8. Maria Marcelina Encinas  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1824. 

Maria married Camilo Garcia  son of Jose Julian Garcia de Alviar and Maria Juana Getrudis Gonzales on 28 Jul 1844 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Camilo was born on 18 Jul 1822 in Rio de Tesuque, New Mexico. He was christened on 21 Jul 1822 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He died in 1868. 

They had the following children:

+ 32 F i. Maria Espiririona Garcia  was born on 22 Nov 1847. 

33 F ii. Maria Sara Garcia  was born on 15 Dec 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. She was christened on 17 Dec 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

+ 34 F iii. Maria Manuela de Jesus Garcia  was born on 12 Oct 1849. 

+ 35 M iv. Jose Dolores Garcia  was born in 1850. 


36 F v. Maria Anastacia Garcia  was born on 17 Apr 1855 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 22 Apr 1855 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

+ 37 F vi. Aniceta Garcia  was born in 1856. 

38 M vii. Jose Yginio Garcia  was born on 2 Jan 1857 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 7 Jan 1857 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

39 F viii. Maria Epimenia Garcia  was born on 26 Mar 1859 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 3 Apr 1859 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 
Maria married Juan Padilla  on 27 Feb 1884 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

40 M ix. Lauriano Garcia  was born on 5 Jul 1861 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 7 Jul 1861 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

41 F x. Suzana Garcia  was born in 1863. 
Suzana married Jose Gregorio Benavidez  son of Juan Cristoval Benavidez and Maria Dolores Barela on 20 Aug 1883 in San Miguel Del Vado, New Mexico. Jose was born on 6 Apr 1834 in San Jose, New Mexico. He was christened on 9 May 1834 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

42 F xi. Teodora Garcia  was buried on 11 May 1874 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

9. Juan Pablo Encinias  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1826. 

Juan married Maria Paula Sanches  on 20 Feb 1853 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1838. 

They had the following children:

+ 43 M i. Tiburcio Encinias .

+ 44 M ii. Juan Bautista Encinias  was born on 18 Jul 1864. 

+ 45 M iii. Nestor Encinias  was born on 25 Feb 1867. 

46 F iv. Eugenia Encinias  was born on 13 Nov 1870 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 20 Nov 1870 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

10. Maria Josefa Encinas  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1835. 

Maria married Manuel Ortiz  son of Juan Antonio Andres Ortiz and Maria Manuela Gallego(Griego) on 17 Nov 1849 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Manuel was born in 1829. He was buried on 28 Apr 1881 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

+ 47 M i. Jose Carlos Ortiz  was born on 4 Nov 1852. 

48 F ii. Maria Ygnosencia Ortiz  was born on 1 Jan 1855 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 7 Jan 1855 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

49 M iii. Eligio Ortiz .
Eligio married Eugenia Galindre  on 27 Jan 1874 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

50 M iv. Pedro Ortiz  was born on 1 Aug 1857 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 2 Aug 1857 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

51 M v. Jose de la Cruz Ortiz  was born on 3 May 1859 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened in 8 May 1859. He died Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

+ 52 F vi. Viviana Ortiz  was born on 2 Nov 1860. She was buried on 10 Apr 1881. 

53 F vii. Tomasa Ortiz  was born in 1867. She was buried on 15 Sep 1877 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

+ 54 F viii. Maria Juana Ortiz .

55 F ix. Gabriela Ortiz  was born on 18 Mar 1869 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 20 Mar 1869. She was buried on 30 Sep 1877 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

11. Antonio Encinas  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1837. 

Antonio married Maria del Carmen Varela  on 27 Jan 1857 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1827. 

They had the following children:

56 M i. Jose Cimon Encinias  was born on 17 Feb 1859 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 20 Feb 1859 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

57 M ii. J. Leonides Encinas  was born on 7 Aug 1861 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 15 Aug 1861 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

58 M iii. Jose Maria Encinias  was born on 19 Mar 1864 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 27 Mar 1864 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

59 F iv. Catalina Encinias  was born on 25 Nov 1866 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 2 Dec 1866 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

60 M v. Toribio Encinas  was born in May 1870. 

12. Maria del Socorro Encinas  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 22 Sep 1838 in Pojoaque, New Mexico. She was christened on 25 Sep 1838 in Pojoaque, New Mexico. 

Maria married Domingo Archeveque  on 14 Oct 1854 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Domingo was born in 1834. 

They had the following children:

61 F i. Maria Cresencia Archeveque  was born on 18 Apr 1856 in El Pueblo, New Mexico. She was christened on 23 Apr 1856 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

+ 62 F ii. Maria Manuela Archeveque  was born on 1 Jan 1858. 

63 M iii. Jose Mucio Archeveque  was born on 14 May 1860 in El Pueblo, New Mexico. He was christened on 19 May 1860 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

13. Maria Febronia Encinas  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 25 Jun 1841. She was christened on 29 Jun 1841 in Santa Cruz, New Mexico. 

Maria married Jesus Maria Barela  son of Juan de Jesus Barela and Maria Antonia Chabes 

on 16 Sep 1855 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jesus was born in 1833. 

They had the following children:

64 F i. Cesaria Varela  was born in 1857. 

65 M ii. Jose Julian Varela  was born on 9 Jan 1863 in Las Ruedas, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 Jan 1863 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

+ 66 M iii. Jose Eusebio Varela  was born on 4 Mar 1865. 

+ 67 M iv. Rosendo Barela  was born on 16 Feb 1869. He died on 18 Mar 1938. 

68 M v. Pedro Varela  was born on 27 Jun 1871 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Jun 1871 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

+ 69 M vi. Hermengildo V(B)arela  was born on 15 Apr 1873. 

70 M vii. Jose Rafael Varela  was born on 11 Nov 1877 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 23 Nov 1877 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

15. Ana Maria Encinas  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier).

Ana married (1) Geronimo Rodrigues  on 24 Dec 1846 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Geronimo died on 12 May 1848 in Dead by this date. 


Ana married (2) Vicente Carasco . Vicente died on 9 Jul 1860 in Dead by this date. 

They had the following children:

71 F i. Maria Teresa Carasco  was born on 12 May 1848 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 29 May 1848 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 


Ana married (3) Juan Abran Jimenes  on 9 Jul 1860 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

17. Jose Sesario Encinias  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 24 Aug 1858 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Aug 1858 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 25 Feb 1894 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was buried on 26 Feb 1894 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

Jose married Ignacia Duran  on 27 Jan 1883 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

72 F i. Isabel Encinias .
Isabel married Carmen Olguin  on 26 Oct 1903 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Carmen was born in Jul 1886. 

73 F ii. Juana Encinias  was born on 11 Feb 1886 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 15 Feb 1886 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

74 M iii. Antonio Encinias  was born on 17 Jan 1888 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 21 Jan 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

75 M iv. Herriberto Encinias  was born on 6 Mar 1890 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 16 Mar 1890 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

76 M v. Jose Serafin Encinias  was born on 28 Mar 1892 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

He was christened on 16 Apr 1892 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

20. Jose Santos Encinias  (Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 1 Nov 1865 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 Nov 1865 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

Jose married Maria Alvina Olguin  on 24 Nov 1881 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

77 F i. Luciana Encinias  was born in Jan 1882. She died on 26 Apr 1882 in San Pablo, New Mexico. 

78 M ii. Luciano Encinias  was born on 20 Oct 1882 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 26 Oct 1882 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

+ 79 M iii. Cleto Encinias  was born on 26 Apr 1884. 

80 F iv. Maria Ruperta Encinias  was born on 27 Mar 1886 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 30 Mar 1886 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She died in Aug 1889 in San pablo, New Mexico. She was buried in Aug 1889 in San pablo, New Mexico. 

+ 81 M v. Santiago Encinias  was born on 25 Jul 1888. 

82 M vi. Jose Alisandro Encinias  was born on 27 Feb 1891 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 8 Mar 1891 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was buried on 7 Apr 1891 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 



Fourth Generation

26. Maria Matilde Encinias  (Juan Bartolo Sepuriano Cipriano Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1847. 

Maria married (1) Antonio Jose Ortis  on 20 Jan 1873 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

83 F i. Maria Rosario Ortis  was born on 3 Nov 1874 in Rowe, New Mexico. She was christened on 4 Nov 1874 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

84 F ii. Maria Nestora Ortis  was born on 23 Feb 1877 in La Cueva, New Mexico. She was christened on 3 Mar 1877 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

85 F iii. Paula Ortis  was born on 2 Jul 1879 in Cueva, New Mexico. She was christened on 6 Jul 1879 in Pecos. New Mexico. 

86 F iv. Telesfora Ortis  was born on 21 Mar 1881 in Pecos. New Mexico. She was christened on 26 Mar 1881 in Pecos. New Mexico. 


Maria married (2) Bibian Lujan  on 27 Jan 1890. 

28. Marcelina Encinias  (Juan Bartolo Sepuriano Cipriano Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1851. 

Marcelina married (1) Reyes Lagunas  on 10 Feb 1870 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

87 M i. Jose Francisco Lagunas  was born on 12 Dec 1870 in Las Ruedas, New Mexico. He was christened on 19 Dec 1870 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

88 F ii. Maria Petra Lagunas  was born on 17 Jan 1872 in Las Ruedas, New Mexico. She was christened on 27 Jan 1872 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

89 M iii. Procopio Lagunas  was born on 8 Jul 1874 in Pecos, New Mexico. He was christened on 15 Jul 1874 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

+ 90 F iv. Maria Scolastica Lagunas  was born on 10 Feb 1877. 


Marcelina married (2) Placido Chavez  on 6 May 1878 in Pajarito, New Mexico. 

31. Juan Pablo Encinas  (Juan Bartolo Sepuriano Cipriano Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 27 Jun 1859 in Pecos, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 Jul 1859 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 27 Mar 1906 in El Gusano, New Mexico. 

Juan married Albina Roybal  on 19 Mar 1871 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

+ 91 M i. Nicolas Encinas  was born on 8 Sep 1872. 

92 F ii. Maria Demesia Encinas  was born on 31 Oct 1874 in Rowe, New Mexico. She was christened on 2 Nov 1874 in Pecos, New Mexico. 


93 F iii. Maria Zeferina Encinas  was born on 26 Aug 1877. She was christened on 5 Sep 1877 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

+ 94 F iv. Cleofas Encinas  was born on 9 Sep 1878. She died on 11 Jan 1965. 

32. Maria Espiririona Garcia  (Maria Marcelina Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 22 Nov 1847. She was christened on 17 Dec 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

Maria married Juan Andres Benavidez  son of Juan Cristoval Benavidez and Maria Dolores Barela on 7 Jan 1868 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Juan was born on 6 Nov 1840. He was christened on 11 Nov 1840 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 16 Mar 1916 in Rowe, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

+ 95 M i. Jose Simon Benavidez  was born on 24 Oct 1868. 

96 F ii. Teresa Benavidez  was born on 11 Oct 1870 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 15 Oct 1870 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. 

+ 97 F iii. Maria Alberta Benavidez  was born on 4 Dec 1871. 

+ 98 M iv. Roman Benavidez  was born on 28 Feb 1874. He died on 4 Jan 1962. 

+ 99 M v. Luis Benavidez  was christened on 22 Aug 1876. He died on 15 Dec 1967. 

100 F vi. Maria Nicanora Benavidez  was born on 4 Dec 1878 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 8 Dec 1878 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

101 M vii. J. Camilo Benavidez  was born on 1 Feb 1882 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 Feb 1882 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

+ 102 F viii. Maria Valbina Benavidez  was born on 30 Mar 1884. 

34. Maria Manuela de Jesus Garcia  (Maria Marcelina Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 12 Oct 1849. She was christened on 16 Oct 1849 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

Maria married Jose Santiago Moreno  on 13 Apr 1874 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

103 F i. Maria Isidora Garcia  was born on 11 May 1868 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 15 May 1868 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

104 M ii. Jose Gregorio Moreno  was born on 4 May 1880 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 9 May 1880 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

105 F iii. Valeria Moreno  was born on 10 Dec 1883 in El Puertecito, New Mexico. She was christened on 16 Dec 1883 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

106 M iv. Jose Manuel Moreno  was born on 27 Dec 1887 in El Puertecito, New Mexico. He was christened on 1 Jan 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

35. Jose Dolores Garcia  (Maria Marcelina Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1850. 
Jose married Maria Antonia Roybal  on 14 Dec 1870 in Pecos, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1850. 

They had the following children:

107 F i. Maria Margarita Garcia  was born on 21 Feb 1871 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. She was christened on 22 Feb 1871 in Pecos, New Mexico. 
Maria married Tomas Rodriguez  on 26 Nov 1886 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

108 F ii. Maria Agipita Garcia  was born on 20 Sep 1872 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. She was christened on 25 Sep 1872 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

109 M iii. Juan Pablo Garcia  was born on 27 Jun 1874 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. He was christened on 7 Jul 1874 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

110 F iv. Maria del Carmen Garcia  was born on 1 Mar 1876 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. She was christened on 7 Mar 1876 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

111 F v. Maria Juliana Telesfora Garcia  was born on 18 Jun 1877 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. She was christened on 21 Jun 1877 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

112 F vi. Maria Juliana Garcia  was born on 4 Feb 1879 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. She was christened on 8 Feb 1879 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

113 M vii. Felipe Garcia  was born on 1 May 1882 in Las Colonias, New Mexico. He was christened in May 1882 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

37. Aniceta Garcia  (Maria Marcelina Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born in 1856. 

Aniceta married Jose Ferminio Benavidez  son of Juan Cristoval Benavidez and Maria Dolores Barela on 11 Aug 1873 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose was born in 1847. 

They had the following children:

+ 114 F i. Maria Brigida Benavidez  was born on 4 Oct 1873. 

43. Tiburcio Encinias  (Juan Pablo Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier).

Tiburcio married Juliana Joana Archuleta  daughter of Jose Ramon Archuleta and Maria Cleta Sena on 25 Feb 1879 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

+ 115 F i. Sotera Encinias .

116 F ii. Nicanora Encinias  was born in 1888. 

44. Juan Bautista Encinias  (Juan Pablo Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 18 Jul 1864 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 23 Jul 1864 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

Juan married Cruz Dean  daughter of Samuel Dean and Maria Juliana Ortiz. Cruz was born on 29 Apr 1868. She died on 18 Jun 1927 in Rowe, New Mexico. She was buried on 20 Jun 1927 in Rowe, New Mexico. 


Juan and Cruz had the following children:

117 M i. Marcelino Encinias  was born on 22 Apr 1889 in Rowe, New Mexico. He was christened on 23 Apr 1889 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

+ 118 F ii. Victoria Encinias  was born on 12 Apr 1890. 

+ 119 F iii. Maria Cornelia Encinias  was born on 4 Jul 1892. She died on 4 Sep 1918. 

120 M iv. Victor Encinias  was born on 15 Jun 1895 in Rowe, New Mexico. He was christened on 19 Jun 1895 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

+ 121 M v. Jose Polaniaro Encinias  was born on 23 Jul 1897. He died in Dec 1980. 

+ 122 F vi. Clara Encinias  was born on 12 Aug 1899. She died in Sep 1973. 

123 M vii. Lorenzo Encinias  was born on 10 Aug 1901 in Rowe, New Mexico. He was christened on 26 Aug 1901 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

124 F viii. Luisa Encinias  was born on 19 Jun 1903 in Rowe, New Mexico. She was christened on 21 Jun 1903 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

+ 125 M ix. Matias Encinias  was born on 18 Jun 1905. He died on 9 Nov 1957. 

126 F x. Apolonia Encinias .

127 F xi. Publita Encinias  was born on 20 Jul 1907. She was christened on 10 Aug 1907 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

128 M xii. Melisendro Encinias .

45. Nestor Encinias  (Juan Pablo Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 25 Feb 1867 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 3 Mar 1867 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

Nestor married Lucia Esquibel  daughter of Jose Simon Esquibel and Maria Dolores Archuleta on 20 Nov 1893 in San Miguel del Bado. Lucia was born on 18 Mar 1871 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. She was christened on 21 Mar 1871 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

129 M i. Elias Encinias  was born on 8 Jul 1902 in Rowe, New Mexico. He died in Apr 1978. 
Elias married (1) Amalia Garcia  daughter of Anastacio Garcia and Cleofas Encinas. Amalia was born in 1902. 
Elias married (2) Carolina (Carri) Archuleta  daughter of Pantaleon Archuleta and Conrada Duran. Carolina was born in 1910. She died in 1952. 

130 F ii. Sixta Encinias  was born in 1904. 

131 F iii. Rosa Espinoza  was born in 1906. 
Rosa married Nemecio (Demetrio) Archuleta  son of Ramon Archuleta and Juana Ortega on 29 Jul 1925 in Pecos, New Mexico. Nemecio was born on 24 Jul 1902 in Rowe, New Mexico. He was christened on 3 Aug 1902 in Pecos, New Mexico. 

132 M iv. Alfredo Encinias  was born in 1907. 
Alfredo married Dulcinea Ortiz  daughter of Meregildo Ortiz and Ramoncita Archuleta. Dulcinea was born in 1914. She died in 1992. 

47. Jose Carlos Ortiz  (Maria Josefa Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 4 Nov 1852. He was christened on 6 Nov 1852 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

Jose married Margarita Gallegos  on 12 Jun 1893 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

133 M i. Victor Modesto Ortiz  was born on 15 Jun 1893 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 16 Jun 1893 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

134 M ii. Rudolfo Ortiz  was born on 11 Apr 1895 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 21 Apr 1895 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

135 F iii. Elosia Ortiz  was born on 28 Apr 1897 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 24 May 1897 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

136 F iv. Lucinda Ortiz  was born on 23 Aug 1899 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 24 Sep 1899 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

52. Viviana Ortiz  (Maria Josefa Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 2 Nov 1860 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 2 Dec 1860. She was buried on 10 Apr 1881 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

Viviana married Jose Felipe (Feliz) Tafoya  son of Jose Guadalupe Tafoya and Maria Luisa Barela on 7 Jan 1880 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Jose was born on 7 Jan 1861 in San Jose, New Mexico. He was christened on 13 Jan 1861 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

137 F i. Carlota Tafoya  was buried on 2 Mar 1881 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

54. Maria Juana Ortiz  (Maria Josefa Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier).

Maria married Jose Eufemio Galindre  on 7 Jan 1881 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

138 M i. Manuel Galindre  was born on 4 May 1883 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 7 May 1883 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

+ 139 M ii. Miguel Galindre  was born on 25 Jul 1885. 

62. Maria Manuela Archeveque  (Maria del Socorro Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 1 Jan 1858 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 1 Jan 1858 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. 

Maria married Jose Emeterio Anaya . 

They had the following children:

140 F i. Pelagia Anaya  was born in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. She was christened on 14 Apr 1879 in Anton Chico, New Mexico. 

141 F ii. Isabel Anaya  was born in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. She was christened on 6 Oct 1880 in Anton Chico, New Mexico. 

142 F iii. Maria Socorro Anaya  was christened on 10 May 1881 in Anton Chico, New Mexico. 

143 M iv. Alfredo Anaya  was born on 2 Jan 1888 in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. He was christened on 18 Mar 1888 in Anton Chico, New Mexico. 

144 M v. Jose F. Anaya  was born on 26 Jan 1890 in El Salado, New Mexico. He was christened on 7 Mar 1890 in Anton Chico, New Mexico. 

145 F vi. Nestora Anaya  was born on 6 Mar 1892 in El Salado, New Mexico. She was christened on 11 Mar 1892 in Anton Chico, New Mexico. 

146 F vii. Leduvina Anaya  was born on 2 Mar 1894 in El Salado, New Mexico. She was christened on 6 Aug 1894 in Anton Chico, New Mexico. 

66. Jose Eusebio Varela  (Maria Febronia Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 4 Mar 1865 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 Mar 1865 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. 

Jose married Dolores Hidalgo  on 10 Nov 1886 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Dolores was born in May 1872. 

They had the following children:

147 F i. Amalia Varela  was born on 8 Feb 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 11 Feb 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 
Amalia married Tranquilino Baca  on 5 Jun 1911 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Tranquilino was born in Dec 1885. 

148 F ii. Juana Varela  died in Aug 1889. She was buried on 22 Aug 1889 in San Jose Cemetary, Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

149 M iii. Hilario Varela  was born on 24 Mar 1893 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 26 Mar 1893 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died in Nov 1893 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was buried on 29 Nov 1893 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. 

150 F iv. Josefa Varela  was born on 25 Dec 1894 in El Salitre, New Mexico. She was christened on 27 Dec 1894 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 
Josefa married Juan M. Chavez  on 20 May 1918 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

67. Rosendo Barela  (Maria Febronia Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 16 Feb 1869 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 1 Mar 1869 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died on 18 Mar 1938. 

Rosendo married Petra Barela . 

They had the following children:

151 M i. Meliton Barela  was born on 5 Mar 1892 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 10 Mar 1892 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

152 M ii. Ricardo Barela  was born on 7 Feb 1893 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 Feb 1893 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 
Ricardo married (1) Candelaria Atencio  on 29 Jan 1917 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Candelaria was christened in 1895 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. 
Ricardo married (2) Clotilde Crespin  on 18 Apr 1921. Clotilde was born in 1891 in Las Lagunas, New Mexico. 

153 F iii. Maria Canutita Barela  was born on 16 Jan 1895 in Auga Zarca, New 

Mexico. She was christened on 20 Jan 1895 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 
Maria married Pablo Atencio  on 26 Jan 1914 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

154 M iv. Rosendo Barela .

155 F v. Cesaria Barela  was born in Feb 1897. She was christened in 1897 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. 
Cesaria married Adolfo Trujillo  on 3 Mar 1919 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Adolfo was christened in 1897 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. 

156 M vi. Maximiliano Barela  was born on 26 Apr 1899 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 1 May 1899 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

157 M vii. Jesus Maria Barela  was born on 15 Oct 1900 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 28 Oct 1900 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died on 17 Nov 1947. He was buried on 20 Nov 1947. 
Jesus married Camila Martinez  on 3 May 1920 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Camila was born in 1904 in El LLano, New Mexico. 

158 F viii. Teresita Barela  was born in Hot Springs, New Mexico. She was christened in Hot Springs, New Mexico. 
Teresita married Apolonio Mares  on 9 Jun 1919 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Apolonio was christened in 1892 in Hot Springs, New Mexico. 

159 M ix. Eliseo Barela  was born in 1906 in Hot Springs, New Mexico. 

69. Hermengildo V(B)arela  (Maria Febronia Encinas, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 15 Apr 1873 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 16 Apr 1873 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

Hermengildo married Sixta Marquez  on 8 Sep 1897 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Sixta was born in Aug 1866. 

They had the following children:

160 F i. Nicolasa Varela  was born in Sep 1898. 

161 F ii. Maria Juliana Meregilda V(B)arela  was born on 16 Sep 1898 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. She was christened on 29 Sep 1898 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

162 F iii. Maria Estella V(B)arela  was born on 18 Jul 1900 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. She was christened on 5 Aug 1900 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

79. Cleto Encinias  (Jose Santos Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born on 26 Apr 1884 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 May 1884 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

Cleto married Tiburcia Benavidez  daughter of Telesforo Benavidez and Petra Gallegos. Tiburcia was born on 14 Apr 1881 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. She was christened on 17 Apr 1881 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

163 M i. Venjamin Encinias  was born in 1916. 

81. Santiago Encinias  (Jose Santos Encinias, Tomas Antonio Encinas, Jose Javier) was born 
on 25 Jul 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 31 Jul 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

Santiago married Barbarita Martinez  on 21 Oct 1907 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

They had the following children:

164 M i. Santos Encinias  was christened on 10 Apr 1910 in Hot Springs, New Mexico. 
Santos married Maria Isadora Archuleta  on 19 Feb 1930 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria was born on 16 Apr 1916 in Hot Springs, New Mexico. 

Tuesday, May 11, 2010

Pedro Robledo, el Menor, Died at Acoma Pueblo

This is modern day Acoma Pueblo in New Mexico. Click on the image to make it larger.

One of my ancestors, Pedro Robledo Jr. (el menor)  was a member of the first battle between the Spaniards and the folks at Acoma on the 4th of December of 1598. Juan de Zaldivar was leading a group of Spanish soldiers through the area and stopped to acquire flour for the troops. The Acoma at first refused but the Spaniards persuaded them to grind the flour. The Acoma indicated it would take several days to grind the Amount that Zaldivar required.

When the time came to collect the flour the maese de campo Juan de Zaldivar ordered Lt. Bernabe de las Casas to keep 3 soldiers and guard the horses while he and others climbed to the top. At the pueblo he allowed his soldiers to break up into small groups to facilitate the gathering of the flour.

No sooner had they broken up into the small groups when they were attacked by the Indians, both men and women. Throwing rocks, war clubs and other objects from the elevated rooftops. At several points the Spaniards rallied and made gallant stands in frenzied hand to hand fighting. Juan de Zaldivar fought a group with his sword until he was killed with a terrible blow to the head.

On the plains below Lt. Bernabe de las Casas and the remaining horse guards heard the commotion of the battle. One of the Spanish servants escaped down the steep trail and brought news of many Spanish casualties. Casas looked up and saw two of the youngest soldiers, Juan de Olague and Pedro de Robledo had fought their way to the edge of the rock mesa. Once there, they had no chance but to continue fighting and die in the process or jump. They decided on jumping. Pedro Robledo struck the side of the rock mesa and died instantly. Juan de Olage landed on some sand blown against the cliff and survived.

That made 2 members of the Robledo family to die in New Mexico. Pedro Robledo Sr. on the 21st of May of 1598 near current day Radium Springs, New Mexico and Pedro Robledo Jr. on the 4th of December 1598 at Acoma Pueblo. A Heavy price for the Robledo family.

Some/most of the information is from the book The Last Conquistador by Marc Simmons.

Sunday, May 9, 2010

Thinking of my Mother on this Mothers Day



Maria del Refugio (Ruby) Benavidez

Born 6 April, 1905 in Rowe, New Mexico

Died 26 Feb, 1998 in Santa Fe New Mexico

We are thinking of you today.

Saturday, May 8, 2010

Cowboy (fake) History? I think so!

Click on the image to make it larger. Then click again to make it even larger.

I think this is a bunch of hooie! Cowboy history! A fake! I will explain later. The Judge is real. Anyway I will explain later as I update this post.

The following is from American Heritage.com:

Our “Postscripts” feature “Of Cruel and Unusual Death Sentences” in the October, 1977, issue called forth an unusual run of mail from readers. The item had to do with an 1881 death sentence passed down by an anonymous (we assumed) judge on the luckless José Manuel Miguel Xavier Gonzales, a sentence that combined eloquence and racist venom in about equal portions. At the end of the feature, we wondered if any of our readers could enlighten us as to the origins of this singular example of jurisprudential excess.

They could indeed. While the name of the defendant has come down to us variously as José Maria Martin, José Maniah, and José Maria Martinez, most of our respondents agreed that he was a Mexican sheepherder who had killed a local cowboy in New Mexico over a disputed card game. Some recounted the legend that the accused later escaped jail and died some years afterward when he fell off a horse. Almost all attributed the death sentence itself to the infamous Judge Isaac ("Hanging Judge") Parker, a jurist, it was said, who would string up a man quite as cheerfullv as he would kill flies. And as often.

Others disagreed, and from the evidence supplied us, they appear to have made a good case. Among these particularly diligent readers was Harry L. Bigbee, of Santa Fe, New Mexico. “This entire matter, in my opinion,” he writes, “is a distorted, fictionalized version of an actual sentence imposed by Judge Kirby Benedict in about 1864 in Taos, New Mexico.” He then goes on to cite several contemporary sources, including a version of the death sentence that appeared in an 1864 letter to the editor of the Santa Fe Weekly New Mexican. The recipient in this case was one José Maria Martin, but in most other respects the language of the sentence is nearly identical to that attributed to Judge Parker. Consider this passage, for example: “José Maria Martin, it is now the springtime, in a little while the grass will be springing up green in these beautiful valleys, and on these broad mesas and mountain sides, flowers will be blooming; birds will be singing their sweet carols, and nature will be putting on her most gorgeous and her most attractive robes, and life will be pleasant. .. but none of this for you, José Maria Martin.”

Friday, May 7, 2010

don Juan de Onate's Map

Click on the image to make it larger

don Juan de Onate's campaign in search of Quivera, now Kansas. This map was made in 1602 by Enrico Martinez and indicates where he went to and which route he took. Onate's New Mexico is in the upper left hand corner and the Rio del Robredal (Arhansas) and the Great Settlement of Quivara on the upper right. An amazing map from the past. It's accuracy is amazing. I attended a lecture on it, wish I remembered the name of the person doing the presentation. He was a past Super. of the Fort Union National Monument.