Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Merry Christmas From New Mexico

Click on the image to make it larger.
 
San Antonio Mountain on the right.
 
Merry Christmas to New Mexicans everywhere.

Sunday, December 22, 2013

You Can Choose Your Friends, You Cannot Choose Your Relatives, Not Now, Not Ever


Friends are usually like us, at least we choose friends who do not upset us or our image of ourselves. But in all reality our relatives are not at all like that, not our relatives in the here and now and not our relatives in the past.

Some people, maybe most people, have an image of themselves based on the family that they know of, or the family they think they know of. Most people have a lot of misconceptions about family, the amount of these misconceptions is staggering when looked at. We seem to like holding on to the positive and eliminating or minimizing that which is not positive or is downright unsavory. Sort of a natural thing to do, probably imprinted in our DNA. However the picture that we end up with of ourselves and our family is distorted.

The opposite is sometimes also true, where the unsavory is known but the positive is not. The latter is not as common as the former, for obvious reasons.

Genealogical research in the age of the computer and the internet is shedding light on our ancestors, every ones ancestors and us too.  The light shed may be positive, negative or somewhere in between. Most folks come in contact with groups and/or entities over time that have a tendency to leave a trail. Some examples are marriage licenses issued by the states, divorces, births, deaths, court appearances, news articles in newspapers etc., etc. These types of records are usually public in nature and available if a person has the where with all to do the search.

Sometimes this information that is out there is sort of funny and sometimes it is sad or downright disturbing. A person has to learn to look at it, see how it has affected the current generation and then let it slide off of your back.

But most will continue with the image that they have concocted of themselves and pass this on as fact. It is no wonder so many folks are confused. Some of this concocted history is due to it being passed down but more often than not it is intentional. An effort on the part of many to hide by outright lies and/or omissions.

Some folks have gone to extreme measures to do this. Examples are Mormons trying to connect the Native Americans to the "lost tribes of Israel", some New Mexicans trying to prove by dubious methods a "Jewish connection" prior to the early 1800's. Other New Mexicans insisting on "pure Spanish blood", others adding Indian ancestry. Some non New Mexicans go to great lengths adding "Noble Red Man" image of their families. The examples are many and well documented.

Saturday, December 21, 2013

The Amtrak Through Rowe, New Mexico


The Amtrak through Rowe.

Click on the link, Make sure the speakers are on. Short but nice.

Sunday, December 15, 2013

FAKE New Mexico History!!!!


There is one whole bunch of fake New Mexico history. A whole bunch. Most historical writers writing in the period when Americans started showing up in New Mexico (about 1810) to New Mexico statehood (1912) had a lot of incorrect information in their writings. This incorrect information was intentional due to American racism, dislike of New Mexicans etc., and/or  unintentional out of plain old American ignorance. But there is so damn much of it. New Mexican historical figures are discounted, disparaged or just plain ignored. And these "historians" were not all from the United States, some were our own people writing out of ignorance of their own history.

To illustrate this just think back to the books and movies of the period being discussed here. How many of these where the story is in New Mexico and there are no New Mexican Hispanos, none. It is as if we did not exist. This case is the same with New Mexican historians. Most all of them prior to the very last part of the last century or right now.

Why is that you ask? Why is my cutoff the last few years of the 20th century? I will tell you why. There are 2, 3, 4 or more major reasons why.

  1. The internet age. Information can and is shared easily. Before this internet age all I could do was fume and rage when I read some historical garbage. That my friends is no longer the case. This weblog being a case in point.
  2. New Mexicans are now doing their own research and can see for themselves the lies and distortions of our history by people, who for the most part despised us. We cannot avoid seeing this if you look around.
  3. "Historians" of previous times did not anticipate people in the future (us) being able to do this type of research. They did not anticipate that their lies would be exposed. That is not to say that some of these "historians" did not believe the story line they were publishing.
  4. Another reason is that historical documents written in Spanish and unavailable to earlier "historians" are being translated by a cadre of dedicated scholars working day and night. The original of these scholars was Fray Anjelico Chavez. New Mexicans owe him and current scholars a huge debt of gratitude.
Here is a good article that illustrates the ignorance and or racism of these early "historians". A good concise read. Click on the high lighted link below:

Office of the New Mexico Stat Historian

Thursday, December 12, 2013

UPDATE: The Lynching Of Frank "El Navajo" Tafoya In Las Vegas New Mexico.

Click on the image to make it larger. It is the actual image of the hanging.
 
Update; I want to thank Richard A. Garcia for information on the where abouts of the image. Refer to the comments below. To view  the original image click on the highlighted name below:
 

Frank "El Navajo" Tafoya was lynched in Las Vegas, New Mexico on the night of June 25 and 26 of 1882 for the killing of Jennie Lawrence at George Close's dance hall in El Moro, near Trinidad in the brand new state of Colorado. El Navajo Frank Tafoya was a half breed New Mexican Hispano/Navajo.

"El Navajo" had come into the dance hall after midnight as the dance was going on, he wanted to trade his rifle to George Close for a bottle of whiskey. George refused to make the trade, for Navajo Frank had swilled down too much liquor, and besides it was against the law to sell or give liquor to an Indian.

This refusal made Navajo Frank very angry and out the front door he walked cursing George and the whole world. He stalked across the street until he reached the railroad tracks; there he sat down on the end of one of the cross ties facing the dance hall. He then pointed his rifle towards the glass of the front door and fired into the dance hall while the dance was still going on. A very pretty girl, Jennie Lawrence from Pueblo, Colorado was dancing with Jimmie Russell of Trinidad. Navajo Frank's bullet struck her in the left side, passing thru her heart. She was killed instantly.

Navajo Frank escaped somehow. But he was later captured in Las Vegas, New Mexico and lynched.

Information comes from the books;

My Life on the Frontier, 1864 - 1882 written by Miguel Antonio Otero and published by the University of New Mexico Press and Death On The Gallows written by West Gallager and published by High Lonesome Books in Silver City, New Mexico.

Saturday, November 23, 2013

Sunday, November 17, 2013

Comparison Pictures - Rowe, NM 1955 - 2013, 58 Years later, look closel!!!

The alignment between the two pictures is not quite right... But you get the "picture". Look at the growth of Pinion and Juniper trees all over the place. Only a few ant piles are to be seen in the Google image at the upper right hand corner of the new picture.

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

La Historia de dona Maria Candelaria Ulibarri



Maria de la Candelaria Ulibarri was born in Santa Fe, New Mexico on February 5, 1765 and baptized on the very same day by a man known as Joseph Miguel (no last name available) and Juana Catalina Angela. This was 9 years before the American Revolution of 1776. Her parents were Jose Fernando Ulibarri and Maria Olaya Armenta.

Candelaria, as she was known, married Jose Rafael Garcia who was baptized on November 28, 1765 shortly after he was born. Their marriage took place on September 27, 1790 in Santa Fe. Jose Rafael was the son of Francisco Garcia de Noriega and Rita Padilla.

Together they had the following children;

  1. Jose Antonio Garcia - Birthdate unknown
  2. Miguel Garcia - Birthdate unknown
  3. Pablo Garcia de Noriega - Birthdate Unknown
  4. Bernardo Garcia de Noriega - Birthdate unknown
  5. Diego Antonio Garcia - Born December 22, 1797
  6. Juana Garcia - Born about 1800
  7. Ana Maria de Jesus Garcia - Born July 22, 1801 and died/buried on February 24, 1804.
  8. Maria del Rosario Garcia - Born June 26, 1804
  9. Jose Rafael Garcia - Born December 1, 1806
All of the children were probably born in Santa Fe. Some are documented as being born there but most probably all were. Both Candelaria and her husband Rafael were born there, so it is safe to assume the children were all born there also.

Jose Rafael died in 1817 and was buried in the church on March 11, 1817. He was not quite 52 years old.  Candelaria was just over 52 years old having celebrated her birthdate the previous month. At least two of the children were still young, 1) Maria del Rosario was thirteen and 2) Jose Rafael had just turned ten. So, under the best of circumstances, it would have been hard on Candelaria.

On the 3rd of February of 1823 Maria Candelaria baptized a young Navajo child in Santa Fe and named him Jose Maria Agapito Ulibarri. He was living in her house. The record shows "espuesto en la casa de Candelaria Ulibarri". Jose Maria Agapito's real parents are listed only as "Nabajos". She and an individual identified only as Jose Teodoro were the "padrinos" at the baptism.

Something terrible must have happened to the Navajo child named Jose Maria Agapito because just  a year later on February 20, 1824 he was buried in Santa Fe. He is listed as Indian parvulo (infant) of the Navajo Nation. The cause of death of the child is not stipulated.

Another tragedy happened soon there after. Dona Maria Candelaria Ulibarri herself died and was buried just 3 months later on the 22 of May of 1824. Again no cause of death is noted, just that she was the widow of don Rafael Garcia.

The moral of the "story" is the hardships folks had to endure, just imagine Maria Candelaria. Imagine the birth and death of Jose Maria Agapito, imagine his biological parents. All we can do is wonder. But it is interesting what you can glean from the historical records.



 

Sunday, October 27, 2013

New Mexico Benavidez, Familia de mi Abuelo Materno, Roman Benavidez

NOTE: If errors are found, please advise by commenting on the post. If sources are needed, please feel free to ask and we will provide what we have.

Modified Register for Juan Domingo Benavidez from New Mexico.
Juan Domingo Benavidez is my 3rd great grandfather on both my paternal and maternal sides.


First Generation

1. Juan Domingo Benavidez was born on 30 Jan 1746 in San Juan de los Caballeros, New Mexico. He died in 1840 in New Mexico. Juan married Maria Guadulupe Garcia daughter of Josef Garcia and Maria Duran. Maria was born around the year 1766. She died sometime after 1829 in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

+ 2 M i. Jose Patricio Benavidez was born on 17 Mar 1798.

+ 3 M ii. Juan Cristoval Benavidez was born in 1803.

4 F iii. Maria Felipa Benavidez was born on 17 Sep 1810. She was christened on 17 Sep 1810 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

5 M iv. Juan Jose Domingo Benavidez was christened on 1 Aug 1811 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

+ 6 M v. Jose Rafael Benavidez was born in 1812. He died in 1850.

+ 7 M vi. Ramon Benavidez was born in 1813. He died on 25 Apr 1886.

+ 8 M vii. Jose Lino de la Merced Benavidez was born on 25 Sep 1814.

+ 9 M viii. Jose Rafael Perfecto Benavidez was born on 19 Apr 1817.

+ 10 F ix. Maria Antonia Benavidez .

Second Generation

2. Jose Patricio Benavidez (Juan Domingo) was born on 17 Mar 1798. He was christened on 20 Mar 1798 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Jose Patricio married Maria Andrea Montano daughter of Juan Miguel Montano and Soledad Armijo. Maria was born sometime around 1810.

They had the following children:

+ 11 F i. Maria Leonarda Benavidez was born on 16 Feb 1825.

+ 12 F ii. Maria Lorenza Benavidez was born on 11 Aug 1827.

+ 13 M iii. Pedro Jose Nolasco Benavidez was born on 21 Jun 1831.

+ 14 M iv. Juan Nolasco Benavidez was christened on 21 Jul 1833.

15 M v. Maria de la Cruz Benavidez was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 3 May 1836 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

16 F vi. Maria Rosalia Benavidez was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 4 Sep 1839 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

17 M vii. Francisco Teodocio Benavidez was born on 9 Sep 1842. He was christened on 25 Sep 1842 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 18 M viii. Jose Ysidro Ruperto Benavidez was born on 27 Mar 1847.

19 M ix. Jose Pascual Benavidez was born on 14 May 1851. He was christened on 18 May 1851 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

20 F x. Anastacia Benavidez was born in 1859 in New Mexico.

21 F xi. Josepha Benavidez was born in 1868 in New Mexico.

3. Juan Cristoval (is my maternal great great grandfather) Benavidez (Juan Domingo) was born about 1803 in New Mexico. Juan Cristoval married Maria Dolores Barela daughter of Juan de Jesus Barela and Maria Antonia Chabes on 20 Jan 1833 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1815 in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

+ 22 M i. Jose Gregorio Benavidez was born on 6 Apr 1834.

23 F ii. Maria Leonarda Benavidez was christened on 14 Aug 1836 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 24 F iii. Maria Leonides Benavidez was born in 1837.

+ 25 F iv. Maria Alberta Benavidez was born on 10 May 1838.

26 M v. Juan Silvestre Benavidez was born on 30 Dec 1839 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 31 Dec 1839 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 27 M vi. Juan Andres Benavidez was born on 6 Nov 1840. He died on 16 Mar 1916.

+ 28 M vii. Juan Bautista Benavidez was born on 27 Feb 1843.

+ 29 M viii. Jose Ponsiano Benavidez was born on 24 Nov 1845. He died on 21 Feb 1930.

+ 30 M ix. Jose Ferminio Benavidez was born in 1847.

31 M x. Jose Trinidad Benavidez was born on 3 Sep 1850. He was christened on 8 Sep 1850 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

32 F xi. Maria Cresencia Benavidez was born on 24 Apr 1854 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 1 May 1854 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 33 M xii. Natividad Benavidez was born in 1860.

6. Jose Rafael Benavidez (Juan Domingo) was born in 1812 in New Mexico. (Jose Rafael was my paternal great great grandfather) He died in 1850 in New Mexico. Jose married Maria Dolores Garcia de Alviar daughter of Cornelio Cristobal Garcia de Alviar and Maria Petr(a)ona Garcia de Noriega. Maria was born on 17 Sep 1808 in Rio de Tesuque, New Mexico. She was christened on 19 Sep 1808 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She was buried on 14 Mar 1874 in Los Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

34 F i. Maria Celina Benavidez .

+ 35 F ii. Maria Paula Benavidez was born on 20 Jan 1827.

36 M iii. Jose Agustine Benavidez was buried on 9 Jan 1827 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

+ 37 M iv. Jose Vitor Benavidez was born in 1828. He died before 1910.

+ 38 F v. Maria Simona Benavidez (my paternal great grandmother) was born on 21 Feb 1831.

+ 39 F vi. Maria Leonarda de Escipulas Benavidez was born on 10 Nov 1833.

+ 40 F vii. Juana Benavidez was born in 1843.

+ 41 F viii. Maria Cecilia Benavidez .

+ 42 F ix. Sebastiana Benavidez. NOTE: Sebastiana was a Tesuque Indian from the pueblo of the same name. She was adopted into this family at a very young age.

7. Ramon Benavidez (Juan Domingo) was born in 1813. He died on 25 Apr 1886 in La Liendre, New Mexico. Ramon married (1) Maria Mar(t)ina Martín . Maria was born in 1811. She was dead by 1855.

They had the following children:

43 F i. Maria Eugenia Benavidez was born on 1 Apr 1829 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

44 M ii. Jose Miguel Benavidez was born on 25 Sep 1832 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Sep 1832 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

45 F iii. Maria del Socorro Benavidez was christened on 8 Oct 1833 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

46 M iv. Joseph Francisco Benavidez was christened on 9 Oct 1833 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

47 F v. Francisca Benavidez was born in 1835. Francisca married Manuel Antonio Medina on 12 Aug 1855 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Manuel was born in 1835.

48 M vi. Juan de la Cruz Benavidez was christened on 31 Jul 1837 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

49 M vii. Jose Rudecindo Benavidez was born on 3 Nov 1847. He was christened on 9 Nov 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

Ramon Benavidez next married (2) Maria Nestora Tapia on 3 Oct 1851 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 25 Feb 1828 in La Cuesta, New Mexico. She died on 3 Sep 1865 in Sapello, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

50 M viii. Jose Nestor Benavidez was born on 26 Feb 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 Mar 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Jose married Virginia Lucero on 20 Jul 1884 in Anton Chico, New Mexico.

51 M ix. Jose Felix Benavidez was born on 1 Oct 1854 in San Isidro, New Mexico. He was christened on 3 Oct 1854 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Ramon Benavidez then married (3) Altagracia Lopez on 13 Feb 1866 in Anton Chico, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

52 F x. Apolonia Lopez was born in 1858 in La Liendre, New Mexico.

53 M xi. Tranquelino Lopez was born in 1865 in La Liendre, New Mexico.

54 F xii. Francisca Benavidez .

55 M xiii. Maria Francisco Benavidez was born on 19 Dec 1867 in Anton Chico, New Mexico.

56 F xiv. Albina Benavidez was born in Mar 1870 in Anton Chico, New Mexico.

57 M xv. Isidro Benavidez was christened on 8 Jun 1872 in Anton Chico, New Mexico.

58 F xvi. Monica Benavidez .

59 F xvii. Luze Benavidez was born in 1879 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

8. Jose Lino de la Merced Benavidez (Juan Domingo) was born on 25 Sep 1814 in Tesuque, New Mexico. Jose married Maria Francisca Valdez on 26 Jan 1835 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1815.

They had the following children:

60 M i. Jose Quirino Benavidez was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 20 Apr 1836 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

61 M ii. Francisco Benavidez was born in New Mexico.

9. Jose Rafael Perfecto Benavidez (Juan Domingo) was born on 19 Apr 1817 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Jose married Maria Peregrina Montano daughter of Jose Bernardino Montano and Maria Apolonia Montoya on 20 Dec 1840 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1820.

They had the following children:

62 M i. Antonio Maria Benavidez was born on 28 Oct 1841. He was christened on 5 Nov 1841 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 63 M ii. Jose Leon Benavidez was born on 10 Apr 1844.

+ 64 F iii. Maria Florencia Benavidez was born on 23 Feb 1847.

+ 65 F iv. Maria Cayetana Benavidez was born on 29 Jul 1849.

+ 66 F v. Maria Antonia Benavidez was born in 1853.

+ 67 F vi. Maria Benigna Benavidez was born on 13 Feb 1856.

+ 68 M vii. Telesforo Benavidez was born on 5 Jan 1859.

69 M viii. Juan Zerifino Benavidez was born on 26 Aug 1862 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Aug 1862.

70 M ix. Juan de Dios Benavidez was born on 9 Mar 1867 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

10. Maria Antonia Benavidez (Juan Domingo) was born in New Mexico. Maria first married (1) Jose de los Reyes Vigil . Jose was born in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

71 M i. Juan de la Cruz Vigil was born on 23 Nov 1826 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 26 Nov 1826 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 72 F ii. Maria Dimas Vigil was born on 24 Apr 1831.

Maria Antonia Benavidez then married (2) Francisco Matias Garcia on 3 Feb 1834 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

73 F iii. Maria Exculana Garcia was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 18 Nov 1834. Maria married Gregorio Varela on 20 Mar 1851 in San Miguel del Bado.

+ 74 M iv. Jose Atanacio de la Cruz Garcia was christened on 4 May 1836.

75 M v. Jose Albino Garcia was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 14 Dec 1838 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 76 M vi. Jose Aniceto Garcia was born on 25 Apr 1841.

77 F vii. Maria de la Expectacion Garcia was born on 18 Nov 1845. She was christened on 22 Nov 1845 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

+ 78 M viii. Jose Narciso Santos Garcia was christened on 7 Nov 1843.

Third Generation

11. Maria Leonarda Benavidez (Jose Patricio, Juan Domingo) was born on 16 Feb 1825 in San Jose, New Mexico. She was christened on 16 Feb 1825 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria married Ramon de Jesus Gallego on 31 Jan 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

79 F i. Maria Polonia Gallego was born on 10 Apr 1850. She was christened on 28 Apr 1850 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

80 F ii. Maria Apolonia Gallegos was born on 19 Mar 1852. She was christened on 22 Mar 1852 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

81 F iii. Margarita Gallego was born on 19 Feb 1855 in Valles de San Geronimo. She was christened on 22 Feb 1855 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

82 M iv. Juan de Jesus Gallegos was born on 3 Feb 1863 in Tecolote, New Mexico. He was christened on 8 Feb 1863 in Sapello, New Mexico.

83 F v. Presiliana Gallego. Presiliana married Tomas de Herrera on 21 Jun 1875 in Watrous, New Mexico.

12. Maria Lorenza Benavidez (Jose Patricio, Juan Domingo) was born on 11 Aug 1827 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 15 Aug 1827 in Pecos, New Mexico. Maria married Antonio Jose Barela . Antonio was born in 1827.

They had the following children:

84 F i. Maria Juliana Barela was born on 19 Feb 1849 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. She was christened on 12 Mar 1849 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

85 F ii. Maria Juliana Varela was born on 3 Feb 1851. She was christened on 16 Feb 1851 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

86 F iii. Maria Valentina Barela was born on 15 Feb 1853 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 16 Feb 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

87 F iv. Maria Ines Barela was born on 9 Mar 1854 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 20 Apr 1854 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

88 F v. Maria Anastacia Barela was born on 15 Apr 1858 in Sapello, New

Mexico. She was christened on 18 Apr 1858 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

13. Pedro Jose Nolasco Benavidez (Jose Patricio, Juan Domingo) was born on 21 Jun 1831 in New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Jun 1831 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Pedro married Maria Ysabel Martín(ez) daughter of Juan Cristoval Martín and Josefa Rafaela Valdez on 7 Feb 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria was born on 6 Nov 1834 in Abiquiu, New Mexico. She was christened on 11 Dec 1834 in Abiquiu, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

89 F i. Maria Lucia Benavidez was born on 3 Dec 1853 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 16 Dec 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

90 M ii. Jose Nazario Benavidez was born on 28 Jul 1855 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 3 Aug 1855 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died on 1 Apr 1862 in Sapello, New Mexico.

91 M iii. Francisco Benavidez was born on 4 Oct 1857 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 Oct 1857 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

92 F iv. Maria Estefana Benavidez was born on 5 Aug 1859 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 12 Aug 1859 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria married Antonio Aban Cisneros on 23 Nov 1874 in La Junta, New Mexico. Antonio was born in New Mexico.

14. Juan Nolasco Benavidez (Jose Patricio, Juan Domingo) was christened on 21 Jul 1833 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Juan married Maria Agapita Cordova .

They had the following children:

93 M i. Jose Justo Benavidez was born on 8 Jan 1857 in Rio de la Baca, New Mexico. He was christened on 15 Jan 1857 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

94 F ii. Maria Juana Benavidez was born on 6 May 1858 in Sapello, New Mexico. She was christened on 9 May 1858 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

18. Jose Ysidro Ruperto Benavidez (Jose Patricio, Juan Domingo) was born on 27 Mar 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Apr 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose married Maria Miquela Ocana on 5 Nov 1883 in Sapello, New Mexico.

Jose and Maria had the following children:

95 F i. Sarah Benavidez was born on 31 Dec 1885 in Los Alamos, San Miguel County, New Mexico. She was christened on 7 Jan 1886 in Sapello, New Mexico.

22. Jose Gregorio Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born on 6 Apr 1834 in San Jose, New Mexico. He was christened on 9 May 1834 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Gregorio married (1) Maria Gregoria Sandoval daughter of Esmeregildo Sandoval and Manuela Gonzales on 17 Feb 1857 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 16 Nov 1827 in Tesuque, New Mexico. She was christened on 18 Nov 1827 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

96 M i. Jose Exselso Benavidez was born on 14 Jan 1858 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 21 Jan 1858 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

97 M ii. Jose Alejandro Benavidez was born on 27 Apr 1860 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 28 Apr 1860 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Alejandro married Maria Petra Archuleta daughter of Jesus Archuleta and Maria Leonarda Rivera. Maria was born on 26 May 1869 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She was christened on 29 May 1869 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She died in 1955.

98 M iii. Jose Alvino Benavidez was born on 15 Dec 1862 in La Cuesta, New Mexico. He was christened on 27 Dec 1862 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

99 F iv. Maria Alvina Benavidez was born on 15 Dec 1862 in La Cuesta, New Mexico. She was christened on 27 Dec 1862 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

100 M v. Jose Benigno Benavidez was born on 12 Feb 1864 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 14 Feb 1864 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Benigno married (1) Vicenta Padilla . Vicenta was born in New Mexico then he married (2) Maria Francisca Aragon on 7 Jan 1898 in San Miguel Del Vado, New Mexico.

101 M vi. Francisco Benavidez was born on 4 Dec 1866 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 10 Dec 1866 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Francisco married Maria Amada Ortiz daughter of Jose Trinidad Ortiz and Maria Catalina Garcia on 9 Jan 1893 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 13 Sep 1875 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 23 Sep 1875 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico.

24. Maria Leonides Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born in 1837. Maria married Jose Cresencio Garcia son of Jose Julian Garcia de Alviar and Maria Juana Getrudis Gonzales on 25 Apr 1852 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose was born in 1830.

They had the following children:

102 M i. Juan Bautista Garcia was born on 26 Jan 1869 in Las Mulas, New Mexico. He was christened on 31 Jan 1869 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

25. Maria Alberta Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born on 10 May 1838 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 19 May 1838 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria married Francisco Segura on 28 Sep 1850 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Francisco was born in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

103 M i. Juan Segura was born on 27 Jan 1861 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Jan 1861 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

27. Juan Andres Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born on 6 Nov 1840 in New Mexico. He was christened on 11 Nov 1840 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 16 Mar 1916 in Rowe, New Mexico. Juan married (1) Maria Nicanora Ortiz daughter of Juan Ortiz and Maria Cimona Cordova on 28 Nov 1863. Maria was born on 10 Jan 1845 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. She was christened on 12 Jan 1845 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. She died in Apr 1867 in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

104 M i. Jose Acencio Benavidez was born in 1865 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He died on 22 Jan 1929 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Jose Acencio first married (1) Maria Eugenia Encinias . Maria was born in New Mexico.

Jose Acencio then married (2) Maria Benigna Gonzalez daughter of Bonafacio Gonzalez and Juana Montano on 26 Nov 1892 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1865 in New Mexico.

105 M ii. Roman Benavidez was born in Mar 1866 in El Gusano, New Mexico.

106 M iii. Julio Benavidez was born on 2 Apr 1867 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 13 Apr 1867 in El Gusano, New Mexico.


Juan married (2) Maria Espiririona Garcia daughter of Camilo Garcia and Maria Marcelina Encinas on 7 Jan 1868 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 22 Nov 1847 in New Mexico. She was christened on 17 Dec 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

107 F iv. Teresa Benavidez was born on 11 Oct 1870 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 15 Oct 1870 in Las Colonias, New Mexico.

108 F v. Maria Alberta Benavidez was born on 4 Dec 1871 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 6 Dec 1871 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

Maria married  Antonio Candelario Archuleta son of Jose Ponciano Archuleta and Maria Salome Martín on 2 Sep 1895 in San Miguel Del Vado, New Mexico. Antonio was born on 2 Feb 1869 in El Rio de la Baca, New Mexico.

109 M vi. Roman Benavidez (my maternal grandfather) was born on 28 Feb 1874 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Mar 1874 in Pecos, New Mexico. He died on 4 Jan 1962 in Rowe, New Mexico. He was buried in the Catholic Cemetery in Rowe, New Mexico. Roman married Ignacia Archuleta (my maternal grandmother) daughter of Juan De Jesus Archuleta and Maria Ana Duran on 2 Oct 1895 in Pecos, New Mexico. Ignacia was born on 31 Jan 1876 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She was christened on 6 Feb 1876 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She died on 15 Oct 1971 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She was buried in the Catholic Cemetery in Rowe, New Mexico.

110 M vii. Luis Benavidez was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 22 Aug 1876 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died on 15 Dec 1967 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Luis married Antonia Marita Quintana daughter of Pedro Quintana and Maria Librada Saiz on 23 Apr 1900. Antonia was born on 6 Sep 1869 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

111 F viii. Maria Nicanora Benavidez was born on 4 Dec 1878 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 8 Dec 1878 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

112 F ix. Mariana Benavidez was born in 1879.

113 M x. J. Camilo Benavidez was born on 1 Feb 1882 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 Feb 1882 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

114 F xi. Maria Valbina Benavidez was born on 30 Mar 1884 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 7 Apr 1884 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria married Jose Ines Garcia son of Teofilo Garcia and Maria Luciana Gonzales on 13 Feb 1899 in San Miguel Del Vado, New Mexico. Jose was born on 17 Jan 1874 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 21 Jan 1874 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

115 M xii. Jose Simon Benavidez was born on 11 Feb 1885 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 Feb 1885 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

28. Juan Bautista Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born on 27 Feb 1843 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 23 Mar 1843 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Juan Bautista married Maria Donaciana Gallegos on 7 Dec 1883 in San Miguel del Bado.

They had the following children:

116 F i. Unnamed Benavidez was born on 5 Dec 1887 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 9 Dec 1887 in San Miguel del Bado.

117 M ii. J. Sebestian Benavidez was born on 23 Jul 1889 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 26 Jul 1889 in San Miguel del Bado.

118 M iii. J. Hilario Benavidez was born on 30 Sep 1891 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 9 Oct 1891 in San Miguel del Bado.

119 F iv. Maria Aurora Benavidez was born on 24 Oct 1893 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 27 Oct 1893 in San Miguel del Bado.

29. Jose Ponsiano Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born on 24 Nov 1845 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 3 Dec 1845 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 21 Feb 1930 in San Miguel County, New Mexico. Jose Ponciano married Maria Doniciana Ortiz daughter of Juan Ortiz and Maria Cimona Cordova on 13 Jan 1868 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 26 Sep 1851. She was christened on 28 Sep 1851 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

120 M i. Jose Emiterio Benavidez was born on 1 Mar 1868 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 Mar 1868 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 2 May 1942 in San Miguel County, New Mexico.

Jose Emiterio married Francisca Chavez on 6 Feb 1893 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. Francisca was born in 1876 in New Mexico.

121 M ii. Julio Benavidez was born on 20 Dec 1869 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 24 Dec 1869 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

122 M iii. Manuel Benavidez was born in 1872.

123 M iv. Jose Marcos Benavidez was born on 25 Apr 1873 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 27 Apr 1873 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

124 M v. Marson Benavidez was born in 1874.

125 M vi. Jose Basilio Benavidez was born on 2 Mar 1875 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 13 Mar 1875 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 4 Sep 1953 in El Gusano, New Mexico.

Jose Basilio married Maria Cleofas Quintana daughter of Pedro Quintana and Maria Librada Saiz on 23 Apr 1900 in San Miguel Del Vado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 10 Apr 1881 in Cerrito, New Mexico. She died on 17 Dec 1961 in Ilfield, New Mexico. She was buried on 20 Dec 1961 in El Gusano, New Mexico.

126 F vii. Maria Genovava Benavidez was born on 14 Feb 1877 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 18 Feb 1877 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

127 F viii. Maria Lucrecia Benavidez was born on 27 Feb 1879 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 28 Feb 1879 in El Gusano, New Mexico.

128 F ix. Maria Josefa Benavidez was born on 18 Mar 1881 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 20 Mar 1881 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria Josefa married Apolinar Ruiz son of Rumaldo Ruiz and Refugio Ortega. Apolinar was born in New Mexico. He died on 9 Feb 1955 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was buried in El Cerrito, New Mexico.

129 M x. Miguel Benavidez was born on 5 Jul 1883 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 Jul 1883 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died in New Mexico. Miguel married Beatriz Valencia daughter of Jesus Maria Valencia and Maria Veronica Ribera on 7 Jan 1915 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Beatriz was born in 1889 in New Mexico. She died in New Mexico.

130 F xi. Maria Benigna Benavidez was born on 1 Jul 1885 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 7 Jul 1885 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

131 M xii. Dionisio Benavidez was born on 8 Apr 1887 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 Apr 1887 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 26 Aug 1954 in San Isidro South, New Mexico. He was buried on 28 Aug 1954 in San Isidro South, New Mexico. Dionisio married Maria Juana Cresostoma Garcia daughter of Manuel Garcia and Juana Valencia. Maria was born on 26 Jan 1886 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 30 Jan 1886 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

132 M xiii. Jose Alvino Benavidez was born on 26 Mar 1889 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 31 Mar 1889 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose married Beatriz Valencia daughter of Jesus Maria Valencia and Maria Veronica Ribera. Beatriz was born in 1889 in New Mexico. She died in New Mexico.

133 F xiv. Maria Corina Benavidez was born on 28 Sep 1891 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 4 Oct 1891 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

134 F xv. Maria Faviana Benavidez was born on 2 Feb 1894 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 11 Feb 1894 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria Faviana married Augustine Aguilar on 23 Nov 1914 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Augustine was born in New Mexico.

30. Jose Ferminio Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born in 1847. Jose Ferminio married Aniceta Garcia daughter of Camilo Garcia and Maria Marcelina Encinas on 11 Aug 1873 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Aniceta was born in 1856.

They had the following children:

135 F i. Maria Brigida Benavidez was born on 4 Oct 1873 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 12 Oct 1873 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria Brigida married Luis Garcia son of Juan Bautista Edudardo Garcia and Maria Felipa Trujillo on 29 Oct 1888 in San Miguel Del Vado, New Mexico. Luis was born on 11 Apr 1867 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 20 Apr 1867 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

33. Natividad Benavidez (Juan Cristoval, Juan Domingo) was born in 1860 in New Mexico. Natividad married Juana Marquez on 6 Oct 1879 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Juana was born in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

136 F i. Juana Delfina Benavidez was born on 4 Jan 1881 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. She was christened on 6 Jan 1881 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

137 M ii. Antonio Abad Benavidez was born on 1 Sep 1883 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Sep 1883 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

138 F iii. Catherina Felipa Benavidez was born on 13 Feb 1888 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 14 Feb 1888 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

139 F iv. Ricarda Benavidez was born in 1888 in New Mexico. She died in 1936 in New Mexico. She was buried in 1936 in Rowe, New Mexico. Ricarda married Juan Pablo Salmeron son of Roque Salmeron and Maria Librada Archuleta on 27 Sep 1909 in Pecos, New Mexico. Juan was born in Mar 1889 in Rowe, New Mexico. He died on 26 Apr 1970. He was buried Rowe, New Mexico.

140 F v. Maria Nicolasa Benavidez was born on 1 Oct 1891 in Auga Zarca, New Mexico. She was christened on 10 Oct 1891 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria Nicolasa married Gregorio Ruiz son of Rumaldo Ruiz and Refugio Ortega on 28 Jan 1914 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Gregorio was born on 16 Feb 1889 in Rowe, New Mexico. He died in Nov 1982 in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

141 M vi. Isidro Benavidez was born in 1896 in New Mexico. Isidro married (1) Cecelia Perea . Cecelia was born in 1900 in New Mexico.

Isidro then married (2) Lucinda (Villas) . Lucinda was born in 1910 in New Mexico.

142 F vii. Maria Dorotea Benavidez was born on 16 Feb 1899 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 2 Mar 1899 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico.

143 F viii. Maria Pelagia Benavidez was born on 29 Nov 1901 in El Gusano, New Mexico. She was christened on 7 Dec 1901 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

144 M ix. Jose Simon Benavidez was born on 24 Oct 1868 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 28 Oct 1868 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He died on 8 Apr 1954 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was buried on 12 Apr 1954 in Soham, New Mexico. Jose Simon married Maria Rosario Giron on 26 Jul 1922 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico. Maria was born on 27 Apr 1905 in Entranosa, New Mexico. She was christened on 3 May 1905 in San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico.

35. Maria Paula Benavidez (Jose Rafael, Juan Domingo) was born on 20 Jan 1827 in Tesuque, New Mexico. She was christened on 28 Jan 1827 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Maria married Jose Domingo Armijo on 15 Sep 1845 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Jose was born on 10 May 1821 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 May 1821 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

145 M i. Jose Rumaldo Armijo was born on 6 Feb 1851 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He was christened on 9 Feb 1851 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

146 F ii. Maria Ricarda Armijo was born on 3 Apr 1853 in Valles de San Augustine, New Mexico. She was christened on 22 Apr 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria Ricarda married Jose Atanacio de la Cruz Garcia son of Francisco Matias Garcia and Maria Antonia Benavidez on 18 Nov 1867 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Jose was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 May 1836 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

37. Jose Vitor Benavidez (Jose Rafael, Juan Domingo) was born in 1828. He died before 1910. Jose Vitor married (1) Maria Guadulupe Griego on 4 Oct 1850 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1836.

They had the following children:

147 M i. Juan Manuel Benavidez was born on 12 Jun 1852. He was christened on 23 Jun 1852 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

148 F ii. Anatolia Fabiana Benavidez was born on 27 Jun 1853 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 3 Jul 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Jose Vitor then married (2) Maria Estefana Gonzales on 7 May 1873 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

149 F iii. Maria Petra Hernandez was born on 3 Feb 1874 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 2 Mar 1874 in San Geronimo, New Mexico.

150 F iv. Petra Benavidez was born on 20 Mar 1878 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 24 Mar 1878 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Petra married S.A. Clark on 31 Aug 1894 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

151 M v. Tomas Benavidez was born on 7 Mar 1880 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 9 Mar 1880 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died on 4 Mar 1958 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was buried on 6 Mar 1958 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. Tomas married (1) Luisa Lopez daughter of Jose Lopez and Rafaela Roybal on 13 Jan 1908 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Tomas then married (2) Rosita Santillanes on 21 Oct 1928 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. Rosita was born in 1903.

152 F vi. Maria Felicitas Benavidez was born on 23 Aug 1882 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 28 Aug 1882 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

153 M vii. Jose Gabino Benavidez was born on 25 Oct 1884 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 30 Oct 1884 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Jose Gabino married Diomilia Duran on 17 Dec 1927 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Diomilia was born in 1901 in San Geronimo, New Mexico.

154 M viii. Isidoro Benavidez was born on 4 Apr 1887 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 23 Apr 1887 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

155 F ix. Lorenza Benavidez was born on 10 Aug 1889 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 21 Aug 1889 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She died on 26 Nov 1971 in Roswell, New Mexico. Lorenza married Jose Miguel Santillanes on 19 Jul 1915 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Jose was born on 17 Sep 1892 in San Geronimo, new Mexico. He died in 1965 in New Mexico.

38. Maria Simona Benavidez  (Jose Rafael, Juan Domingo) was born on 21 Feb 1831 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She was christened on 21 Feb 1831 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She died in New Mexico.

Maria Simona (my paternal great grandmother) married Teodoro De Jesus Martín (my paternal great grandfather) son of Juan Cristoval Martín and Josefa Rafaela Valdez on 30 Nov 1850 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Teodoro was born in 1828 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He died in 1906 in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

156 M i. Donaciano Martín(ez) was born on 6 Sep 1851 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 8 Sep 1851. He died on 9 Nov 1929 in Watrous, New Mexico. Donaciano married Maria Nicolasa Martines on 13 Feb 1876 in La Junta, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1863.

157 M ii. Jose Leonisio Martín was born on 8 Apr 1853 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 21 Apr 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

158 M iii. Jose Francisco Martín was born on 28 Dec 1854 in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 Jan 1855 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

Jose Francisco married Rumulda Vallejos on 26 Sep 1906 in Watrous, New Mexico. Rumulda was born on 20 Sep 1891 in La Junta, New Mexico. She was christened on 4 Oct 1891 in La Junta, New Mexico.

159 F iv. Juana Clemaquia Martín was born on 30 Mar 1857 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 7 Apr 1857 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She died on 22 Dec 1925 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was buried on 23 Dec 1925 in St. Joseph's Cemetery, Las Vegas, New Mexico. Juana married Santiago Wallace on 25 Jan 1875 in La Junta, New Mexico. Santiago was born in 1852.

160 F v. Petra Martín was born on 29 Jun 1859 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 3 Jul 1859 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

161 M vi. Jose Andres Martín(ez) was born on 4 Jan 1862 in La Junta, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 Jan 1862 in Sapello, New Mexico.

162 M vii. Jose Ines Martín(ez) was born on 21 Apr 1864 in La Junta, New Mexico. He was christened on 24 Apr 1864 in Sapello, New Mexico.

Jose Ines married Paz Herrera . Paz was born in Jun 1872 in New Mexico.

163 M viii. Ambrosio Martín was born in 1867. He died on 27 Oct 1927 in Watrous, New Mexico.
Ambrosio married Maria Trinidad Velarde daughter of Manuel Miguel Velarde and Maria Petra Montoya on 9 Nov 1889 in La Junta, New Mexico. Maria was born on 20 May 1872 probably in Mora, New Mexico. She was christened on 26 May 1872 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She died in 1941 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

164 M ix. Jose Preciliano Martín was born on 4 Jan 1868 in La Junta, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 Jan 1868 in Sapello, New Mexico. He died in New Mexico. Jose Preciliano (my paternal grandfather) married Sara Paulina (my paternal grandmother)Velarde daughter of Manuel Miguel Velarde and Maria Petra Montoya. Sara was born in 1876 in New Mexico. She died in 1917 in New Mexico.

165 M x. Florencio Martín(ez) was born in 1871. Florencio married Vicenta Velarde daughter of Manuel Miguel Velarde and Maria Petra Montoya on 29 Oct 1891 in La Junta, New Mexico. Vicenta was born in 1873 in Probably Mora, New Mexico. She was dead by 1930.

166 F xi. Josefa Martín(ez) was born in 1872 in La Jara, New Mexico. She was christened on 15 Sep 1872 in La Junta, New Mexico. Josefa married Juan Gurule on 24 Nov 1890 in La Junta, New Mexico. Juan was born in Dec 1872.

167 M xii. Eugenio Martín was born on 27 Oct 1874 in La Jara, New Mexico. He was christened on 15 Nov 1874 in Watrous, New Mexico.

39. Maria Leonarda de Escipulas Benavidez (Jose Rafael, Juan Domingo) was born on 10 Nov 1833 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Maria Leonarda married Marcos Ulibarri on 4 Dec 1848 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

168 F i. Maria Asencion Ulibarri was born on 15 Aug 1850. She was christened on 8 Sep 1850 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria Asencion married Jose Maria Gonzales on 20 Nov 1867 in Sapello, New Mexico.

169 M ii. Jose George Ulibarri was born on 12 Apr 1852. He was christened on 25 Apr 1852 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose George married Pascuala Gutierres on 18 Jan 1875 in Sapello, New Mexico.

170 M iii. Jose Francisco Ulibarri was born on 11 May 1854 in Ancon de Sarracino, New Mexico. He was christened on 17 May 1854 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Francisco married Maria de la Luz Velarde on 8 Sep 1878 in Sapello, New Mexico.

171 M iv. Juan Facundo Jesus Ulibarri was born on 12 Jun 1869 in Los Alamos, New Mexico. He was christened on 14 Jun 1869.

40. Juana Benavidez (Jose Rafael, Juan Domingo) was born in 1843. Juana married Adriano Gonzales on 9 Feb 1863 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Adriano was born in 1843.

They had the following children:

172 M i. Jose Demetrio Gonzales was born on 3 Mar 1864 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 10 Mar 1864 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

41. Maria Cecilia Benavidez (Jose Rafael, Juan Domingo).Maria Cecilia married Jose Casimiro Martín .

They had the following children:

173 M i. Francisco Martín(ez) was born on 4 Oct 1857 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 Oct 1857 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Francisco married Maria Tomasa Martínez on 29 Sep 1879 in Sapello, New Mexico.

174 F ii. Marcelina Martín was born on 16 Jan 1859 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 21 Jan 1859 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

175 F iii. Maria Celsa Martínez was born on 7 Apr 1863 in Las Tusas, New Mexico. She was christened on 13 Apr 1863 in Sapello, New Mexico. Maria Celsa married Doniciano Gonzales on 19 Sep 1878 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

176 F iv. Rebecca Martínez was born on 11 May 1869 in Las Tusas, New Mexico. She was christened on 11 May 1869 in Sapello, New Mexico.

177 M v. Felipe Martínez was born on 17 Mar 1873 in Las Tusas, New Mexico. He was christened on 17 Mar 1873 in Sapello, New Mexico.

178 M vi. Geronimo Martín was born on 20 Jul 1875 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 23 Jul in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

42. Sebastiana Benavidez was an Indian woman from Tesuque Pueblo and the adopted daughter of (Jose Rafael, Juan Domingo). Sebastiana married Pedro L'Esperance on 28 Mar 1863 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Pedro was born on 29 Jun 1839 in Sorel, Quebec Canada. He died on 5 Feb 1896 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was buried on 6 Feb 1896 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

179 M i. Pablo L'Esperance (Benavidez) was born on 7 Jun 1862 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 12 Jun 1862 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died on 7 Sep 1940 in Tajique, New Mexico. Pablo married (1) Maria Tomasa Sanchez on 31 Aug 1891 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Pablo also married (2) Marcofla Garcia .

180 M ii. Albino L'Esperance was born in Mar 1865 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. Albino married Marcelina Trujillo on 26 Jun 1890.

181 F iii. Margarita L'Esperance was born in Valles de San Geronimo. She was christened on 15 Mar 1867 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Margarita married Eleuterio Trujillo on 11 Apr 1895 in Valles de San Geronimo.

182 F iv. Isabela L'Esperance was born in Valles de San Geronimo. She was christened on 5 Sep 1869 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Isabela married Feliciano Apodaca on 3 Nov 1884. Feliciano died in 1935.

183 M v. Jose Maria L'Esperance was born in Valles de San Geronimo. He was christened on 2 Oct 1871 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Jose Maria married (1) Maria Valentina (Florintina) Sanchez .

Jose Maria then married (2) Placida Archuleta on 1 Oct 1905 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

184 M vi. Pedro L'Esperance was born on 27 Jan 1874 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 Mar 1874 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Pedro married Cleofas Lopez daughter of Jose Lopez and Rafaela Roybal on 18 Oct 1897 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. Cleofas was born in 1883.

185 F vii. Juanita L'Esperance was born on 10 May 1876 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 15 May 1876 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Juanita married Julian Martínez on 3 Jun 1898 in San Geronimo, New Mexico.

63. Jose Leon Benavidez (Jose Rafael Perfecto, Juan Domingo) was born on 10 Apr 1844. He was christened on 10 Apr 1844 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Leon married Maria Cesaria L'Esperance (Gallegos) daughter of Pedro Lesparanza and Aniceta Gallegos on 30 Sep 1863 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria was born in 1849 in New Mexico.

They had the following children:

186 F i. Maria Lina Benavidez was born on 2 Oct 1866 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

187 F ii. Antonia Benavidez was born on 13 Nov 1868 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 19 Nov 1868 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Antonia married Marcos Garduno on 26 Nov 1890 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Marcos was born in New Mexico.

188 F iii. Maria Apolonia Benavidez was born on 25 Feb 1871 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 26 Feb 1871 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria Apolonia married Miguel Garcia on 24 Aug 1891 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Miguel was born in May 1866 in New Mexico.

189 F iv. Maria Apolonia Benavidez was born on 25 Feb 1871 in New Mexico.

64. Maria Florencia Benavidez (Jose Rafael Perfecto, Juan Domingo) was born on 23 Feb 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. She was christened on 28 Feb 1847 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria Florencia married Juan Reyes Abeytia on 22 Nov 1865 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

190 F i. Maria Madelena Abeytia was christened on 2 Oct 1866 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

191 F ii. Florencia Abeytia was born on 8 Sep 1871 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 13 Sep 1871 in San Geronimo, New Mexico.

192 M iii. Juan Abeytia. Juan married (1) Modesta Roybal on 22 Jun 1903 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Juan then married (2) Demesia Armijo on 24 Aug 1921 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

193 M iv. Hypolito Abeytia was born on 13 Aug 1890 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 16 Aug 1890 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

194 M v. Toribio Abeytia was born on 16 Apr 1892 in San Pablo, New Mexico. He was christened on 18 Apr 1892 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

65. Maria Cayetana Benavidez (Jose Rafael Perfecto, Juan Domingo) was born on 29 Jul 1849. She was christened on 7 Aug 1849 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria Cayetana married Jose Angel Gomes on 2 Sep 1867 in La Junta, New Mexico. Jose was born in 1837.

They had the following children:

195 M i. Felipe Gomez was born on 25 Sep 1869 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 3 Oct 1869 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. Felipe married Valeria Armijo on 23 Jun 1890 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

196 M ii. Jeronimo Benavidez Gomes was born on 20 Jul 1868 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was christened on 22 Jul 1868 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

197 M iii. Jose Desederio Gomes was born on 4 Apr 1872 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 Apr 1872 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

198 F iv. Donaciana Gomes was born on 6 Sep 1873 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 9 Sep 1873 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Donaciana married Patricio Armijo on 19 Sep 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Patricio was born in New Mexico.

199 M v. Jose Rumaldo Gomes was born on 1 Feb 1883 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 2 Feb 1883 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

66. Maria Antonia Benavidez (Jose Rafael Perfecto, Juan Domingo) was born in 1853. Maria Antonia married (1) Fernandez De La O .

They had the following children:

200 F i. Maria Petra De La O died in 1909.

Maria Antonia then married Juan Gomez on 10 Nov 1886 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

201 M ii. Jose Maria De La O was born on 27 Jan 1880 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Feb 1880 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Maria Antonia then married (2) Antonio Gonzales on 10 Apr 1893 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

67. Maria Benigna Benavidez (Jose Rafael Perfecto, Juan Domingo) was born on 13 Feb 1856 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 20 Feb 1856 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria Benigna married Juan Reyes Abeytia on 18 Nov 1875 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

202 M i. Jose Bernardino Abeytia was born on 11 Aug 1876 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 14 Aug 1876 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

203 M ii. Juan Abeytia was born on 23 Oct 1878 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 25 Oct 1878 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

204 M iii. Delfido Abeytia was born on 8 Nov 1880 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 19 Nov 1880 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

205 M iv. Manuel Abeytia was born on 7 Apr 1884 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 10 Apr 1884 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Manuel married Severina Maes on 16 Jul 1906 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

206 M v. Jose Rafael Abeytia was born on 28 Sep 1886 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 1 Oct 1886 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

207 M vi. Jose Lino Abeytia was born on 28 Apr 1888 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 5 May 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

68. Telesforo Benavidez (Jose Rafael Perfecto, Juan Domingo) was born on 5 Jan 1859 in Valles de San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 8 Jan 1859 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Telesforo married (1) Petra Gallegos on 10 Nov 1878 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Petra was born on 23 Feb 1861 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. She was christened on 25 Feb 1861 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

208 F i. Tiburcia Benavidez was born on 14 Apr 1881 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. She was christened on 17 Apr 1881 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. Tiburcia married Cleto Encinias son of Jose Santos Encinias and Maria Alvina Olguin. Cleto was born on 26 Apr 1884 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 6 May 1884 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

209 F ii. Maria Abdona Benavidez was born on 27 Jul 1882 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 30 Jul 1882 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

210 M iii. Pifanio Benavidez was born on 24 Feb 1884 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. He was christened on 7 Apr 1884 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Pifanio married Juanita Maes on 25 Apr 1904 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

211 F iv. Catalina Benavidez was born on 30 Apr 1886 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 1 May 1886 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Catalina married Marion F. Hemestead on 25 Oct 1909 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

212 F v. Felicitas Benavidez was born on 26 Mar 1888 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. She was christened on 1 Apr 1888 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Felicitas married Leandro Montano on 24 Nov 1902 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

213 F vi. Carolina Benavidez was born on 16 Jan 1890 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. She was christened on 24 Jan 1890 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Carolina married Antonio Roybal on 9 Apr 1907 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Antonio was born in 1884.

214 M vii. Pablo Benavidez was born on 14 Jan 1892 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico. He was christened on 27 Jan 1892 in Las Gallinas, New Mexico.

215 F viii. Ysabel Benavidez was born on 25 Feb 1895 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was christened on 2 Mar 1895 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Telesforo Benavidez then married (2) Maria Alvina Olguin .

72. Maria Dimas Vigil (Maria Antonia Benavidez, Juan Domingo) was born on 24 Apr 1831 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria Dimas married (1) Juan Nepomuceno Armijo on 22 Aug 1848 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

Maria Dimas then married (2) Vivian Armijo .

They had the following children:

216 F i. Maria Epifania Armijo was born on 7 Apr 1854 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 8 Apr 1854 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

217 M ii. Evaristo Armijo was born on 26 Oct 1856 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 2 Nov 1856 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

218 M iii. Zenobio Armijo was born on 30 Oct 1859 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Nov 1859 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Maria Dimas then married her third husband (3) Thomas Luis Rael son of Alonso Rael and Maria Manuela Garcia on 23 Apr 1866 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Thomas was christened on 9 Mar 1814 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

219 F iv. Maria del Carmel Rael was born on 16 Jul 1868 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 17 Jul 1868 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria del Carmel married Dionesio Gutierrez on 24 Oct 1892 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

220 M v. Jose Zenon Rael was born on 23 Jun 1871 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 25 Jun 1871 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

74. Jose Atanacio de la Cruz Garcia (Maria Antonia Benavidez, Juan Domingo) was born in El Gusano, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 May 1836 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Atanacio married Maria Ricarda Armijo daughter of Jose Domingo Armijo and Maria Paula Benavidez on 18 Nov 1867 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Maria was born on 3 Apr 1853 in Valles de San Augustine, New Mexico. She was christened on 22 Apr 1853 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

221 F i. Paula Garcia .Paula married Miguel Swabacher on 12 Jan 1844 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

76. Jose Aniceto Garcia (Maria Antonia Benavidez, Juan Domingo) was born on 25 Apr 1841. He was christened on 9 May 1841 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Aniceto married (1) Maria Benigna Gonzales on 9 Jan 1865 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Maria was born in New Mexico. She died in 1866.

They had the following children:

222 M i. Jose Lazaro Garcia was born on 16 Dec 1865 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. He was christened on 24 Dec 1865 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico.

223 M ii. Francisco Matias Garcia was born on 19 Feb 1889 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Mar 1889 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Jose Aniceto then married (2) Maria Eluteria Armijo on 1 Oct 1867 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

They had the following children:

224 F iii. Paula Garcia was born on 26 Jan 1869 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 28 Jan 1869 in San Geronimo, New Mexico.

225 F iv. Sebestiana Garcia was born on 14 Jan 1872 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 16 Jan 1872 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. She was buried on 30 Jan 1873 in San Geronimo, Ne Mexico.

226 F v. Maria Felipa Garcia was born on 3 Feb 1874 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 8 Feb 1874 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

227 M vi. Sotero Garcia was born on 22 Apr 1875 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 25 Apr 1875 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

228 M vii. Carlos Garcia was born on 21 Sep 1877 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 24 Sep 1877 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

229 F viii. Petra Garcia was born on 19 Oct 1880 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. She was christened on 22 Oct 1880 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

230 M ix. Manuel Garcia was born on 11 Nov 1885 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 29 Nov 1885 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Manuel married (1) Cleofas Lopez daughter of Jose Lopez and Rafaela Roybal on 17 Apr 1911 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Cleofas was born in 1883.

Manuel then married (2) Teresita Cortinez on 9 Nov 1951 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

231 M x. Tomas Garcia .Tomas married Andrea Aragon on 25 Sep 1916 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

232 M xi. Ramon Garcia was born on 31 Aug 1890 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 2 Sep 1890 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

233 M xii. Antonio Garcia was born on 15 Feb 1893 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. He was christened on 23 Feb 1893 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

234 F xiii. Isadoraita Garcia was born in 1900 in San Geronimo, New Mexico. Isadoraita married Juan A. Lara on 11 Nov 1920 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Juan was born in 1901 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

78. Jose Narciso Santos Garcia (Maria Antonia Benavidez, Juan Domingo) was christened on 7 Nov 1843 in San Miguel del Bado, New Mexico. Jose Narciso married Sostena Montoya on 9 Oct 1876 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Jose Narciso and Sostena had the following children:

235 M i. Francisco Garcia was born on 28 Sep 1877 in Los Ojitos, New Mexico. He was christened on 4 Oct 1877 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He died on 10 Mar 1889 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He was buried on 12 Mar 1889 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

236 F ii. Cecilia Garcia was born on 17 Oct 1879 in Los Ojitos de Los Montoyas. She was christened on 29 Oct 1879 in Las Vegas, New Mexico. Cecilia married Felipe Guerin on 28 Nov 1901 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

237 F iii. Veneranda Garcia was born on 7 Jan 1882 in Los Ojitos, New Mexico. She was christened on 21 Jan 1882 in Los Ojitos, New Mexico. Veneranda married Samuel Trujillo on 2 Sep 1901 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

238 F iv. Teresita Garcia. Teresita married Jose Rubio on 4 Dec 1908 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

239 F v. Agueda Garcia was born on 7 Aug 1889 in Los Ojitos, New Mexico. She was christened on 28 Aug 1889 in Las Vegas, New Mexico.

Friday, October 18, 2013

Combing New Mexico History Books To Glean Genoligical Information.

It is always rewarding and interesting. Hardly any book that does not have at least a name or two that fit into my "tree", or database of relatives, distant and close, whatever the case. Our database now contains names approaching 17,000. Very, very interesting stuff.

New Mexico was as close to a closed society 1598 - 1810 as it gets. It was very isolated, not only from the capitol of Mexico City, but from the rest of the world. It opened up a bit between 1810 - 1846 when it became a province/state of the new nation of Mexico. Then the Americans invaded the area and annexed it to the United States. After that it took no time at all before New Mexico Hispanics along with the Native American groups were a minority in their own country.

The history written by historians who did not know the culture or hated the  Hispanos and their culture or the Catholic Church can be horribly distorted. These "historians" were in the majority so it behooves folks reading that history to look at it carefully.

But New Mexicans, especially the civil authorities and the churches and their priests kept excellent notes and documented what was going on. And now that people are taking time to translate the documents from Spanish to English a different picture is emerging. A clearer picture, a more honest dissertation.

Monday, October 14, 2013

Bishop Lamy, Continued... Part II

Jose Manuel Gallegos

What a mess Lamy created. A mess like you don't see every day, even in New Mexico.

Being forced by the New Mexican Catholic clergy to go to Durango to deal with the Mexican Bishop Zubiria on the Catholic leadership for New Mexico must have irked Lamy to no end. That being worked out he returned to New Mexico and started a reign of change, some described it as a reign of terror within Catholic followers who were mostly New Mexican Hispanics. The reign started with the pastoral letter mentioned in the previous post.

There was an immediate and equally as concerted reaction by the New Mexican Catholic followers. The reaction was broad and led by the New Mexican clergy who were in New Mexico when Lamy got here, all were Hispanic. Non Catholic's sat by and enjoyed the public fight.

Lamy was working with the his friend and confident, the priest and later bishop of Colorado, Joseph Machebeuf. He had no other assistance at this point.

Bishop Lamy's reaction to this push back to the changes he proposed and was in the process of implementing was 1) to threaten the individual priests with censure or outright ex communication and 2) threats to the followers who were caught up in the inter Catholic fight was that he would withhold the sacraments if they failed to pay him the tithe. The tithe, for those who may be unfamiliar with the term means the 10% of all earnings which most Christian sects, Catholics included, require of the faithful.

Letters with threats from the bishop to private individuals were delivered and responded to, especially by one Francisco Tomas Baca of Pena Blanca, New Mexico who did not take kindly to being threatened. His response to the threat was worded just as strong as the threat itself. The bishop, being unaccustomed to being "disobeyed" wrote back with further threats. And so it continued.

The priests were being censured and threatened with ex communication if they did not toe the line. They did not take the whole affair laying down either. There were letters flying from the bishop to the priests, from the priests to the bishop and from both to the Vatican in Rome no less. Pope Pius IX was a primary witness to the mess going on in New Mexico.

One of the censured priests, then a member of the US congress, Jose Manuel Gallegos got the politicians involved in the spat. It even affected the congressional race in New Mexico between Jose Manuel Gallegos and Miguel Antonio Otero. Speeches were made on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC by both of the New Mexicans pro and con as related to Bishop Lamy.

Gallegos accused Lamy of having interfered in the election on behalf of Otero and Otero claiming that Gallegos had used the pulpit  to secure his election and that Gallegos was corrupt and the reason Lamy and Gallegos did not get along.

To be continued as I read the book "Lamy of Santa Fe", A Biography by Paul Horgan and published in 1975 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux of New York.

Thursday, October 10, 2013

Bishop Lamy and the truth, what was it?

Bishop Lamy was a New Mexican enigma. He like other Americans who ended up in New Mexico after the American occupation of the province did not like New Mexico or New Mexicans. There is really no doubt about it. But he was a Catholic and probably could not resist the upgrade to vicar general, later "bishop" and later yet archbishop when it was offered to him. He probably had some religious reason for coming to New Mexico but I think it was more about ego than anything else.

He ended up in one horrible embarrassing situation when he arrived. The bishop in charge of New Mexico, Zubiria of Durango, Mexico,  had not advised the New Mexican priests that Lamy had been assigned as the new bishop by the Pope. Bishop Zubiria in fact had not been advised by Rome of the change. Needles to say when Lamy arrived, all puffed up, ready to administer to the Catholic minions in New Mexico the local priests let by my distant relative Father Juan Felipe Ortiz, vicar forane, told him where he could put it.

It forced the new Bishop Lamy to go all of the way to Durango, Mexico to figure out the mess with Bishop Zubria. When he came back he officially took over. I bet he was not a happy camper.

Later in the fall of 1852 a pastoral letter from Bishop Lamy and addressed to his "much beloved brothers" and meant to take effect on January 1, 1853 was read to all of the Catholic faithful at all Catholic Churches in New Mexico the week before. Big changes were in store for all Catholics on New Years day of 1853. These changes included matters of divorce which he saw as rampant, dancing which the bishop thought was evil and a local disgrace and gambling which he thought was unworthy of any Christian. He asked how many persons who habitually frequented these profane diversions had lost their fear of God.

The letter also reconfigured  prices paid by the faithful for religious services and the percentages that the local priest could keep with the rest going to him to administer and spend as he saw fit.

That was the straw that broke the camels back.

To be continued as I read the book "Lamy of Santa Fe", A Biography by Paul Horgan and published in 1975 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux of New York.



Saturday, September 28, 2013


http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=pwxQAgsVRoQ

Click on the link above for information on a New Mexican dish started years ago at the Woolworth's on the Plaza in Santa Fe. If you are not close to Santa Fe today, view and weep. Or if you have and know how to make New Mexico red chile you can make your own.....

Monday, September 23, 2013

Tying it all together?

Tying genealogical records together is an interesting practice by a lot of folks researching their New Mexican roots. And most are tied together if your ancestors were Hispanic and in New Mexico prior to the American occupation. Many Native Americans were assimilated into the group, as were a few  Anglos" who were here in the era.

We are all connected way back if you subscribe to one of the many beliefs as to the origin of the human race. Adam and Eve? The primordial ooze? The coyote crawling out of a New Mexican hole?

We in New Mexico have a unique ability to do this in part because of church records left behind by the Catholic priests of days gone by. There were some mistakes to be sure. Seems like sometimes instead of asking who the "abuelos maternos" were they guessed as to who they were. Sometimes they documented it from memory a few days later and made errors.

Then along comes Archbishop Lamy and he ends up defrocking the native New Mexican priests for what ever reason. Lamy is proof positive that even smart folks can make stupid mistakes and he made many.

He imported French, and later some Itilian, priests to replace defrocked native New Mexican priests. Some of these native priests continued doing what they were doing before being defrocked. That is holding services, marrying, baptizing and administering Catholic sacraments.

Anyway, these imported priests kept up the practice of recording sacramental happenings which facilitate genealogical research of our New Mexican ancestors.

Here is a funny post by Jill Gatwood on the matter of tying family members together. Click on the site below;

http://jillgat.blogspot.com/index.html#4956249936023802355

Saturday, September 21, 2013

Distorted United States (New Mexican) History

The history of the country needs to be revised, especially New Mexican history. The New Mexico history available now takes too much sifting to come up with an accurate picture of events.

New Mexican History was written by the folks who lived it. What survives of New Mexican history was written by our forefathers. And I do not mean Benjamin Franklin or George Washington. I mean our ancestors like don Juan de Onate and Padre Jose Antonio Martin(ez).

All of this history was written down, not published so much, but it was written down for sure. There are no doubt some gaps, some of which came when the Indians drove the Spanish out of New Mexico in 1680 and destroyed everything they could get their hands on that was Spanish or had a Spanish tint to it. Not all things Spanish were destroyed, but most of the historical records that the Indians could get their hands on were destroyed. So there is a gap there.

And other destruction of historical records happened when the Americans got here and they destroyed as many records as they saw fit. Their objectives were numerous, primarily to destroy land records  so as to facilitate their take over of the state.

Both of these gaps in the historical record hurt the New Mexico history.

But even greater damage was done to New Mexican history by the early published documents, journals and books authored by a people who hated our New Mexican ancestors. They hated them personally, they hated them because of their religion, they hated them because of their racial makeup, they hated them because of their government, they hated them because New Mexicans possessed what they wanted and saw as theirs by right of conquest. Suffice it to say that they hated our ancestors and everything they stood for.

Today folks writing new documents and books on New Mexican history are battling this mountain of bad history left behind  by those folks who hated everything New Mexican other than the land. Current historians have to contend with what people have been taught since the Americans got here. We have all been taught this bogus distorted history of our ancestors.

There is no need to list the authors of this bogus history, suffice it to say that the authors are in the majority of those who wrote about New Mexico in the first century after the occupation by the Americans.

It is disheartening to read so much of these distortions. It illustrates the distaste and disgust these folks had for our New Mexican ancestors and the way they lived and what they stood for. And their works are still there and still available and still read and quoted and still used to make arguments. I know whereof I speak having paid good money and am currently the owner of many of these books and documents.

The only saving grace is the history being written now by folks with out the racial hatred who are aware of past errors that crept and colored previous writings.

Sunday, September 8, 2013

New Mexicans Have Been Through This Before.......

Click on the image to make it larger
 
Used to be "Spanish surnamed".... before that it was either Spanish or Mexican. Then came "Chicano". I remember Reyes Lopez Tijerina calling us Indo Hispanos. Now "Hispanic".
 
Way in the past there was the term Genizaro for some of us. Mestiso has also been used for some others.
 
Back in the 1950's there were just us (Mexican or Spanish) and the Puerto Ricans in the United States. So it was easy to identify. We were one or the other. Now there are a whole slew of nations/peoples who are Hispanics of one hue or another.
 
The people associated with the founding of New Mexico by don Juan de Onate can best be described today as a mixture of Spanish and various Native American groups. This mixing occurred very early, don Juan de Onate's wife was Isabel de Tolosa Cortés de Moctezuma the granddaughter of Hernan Cortes and the great granddaughter of Aztec Emperor Moctuzuma.
 
In New Mexico proper between the time of the Onate entrada and the American Occupation of the area much mixing had gone on with the Indian tribes residing in the area. Not just the Pueblo's either. The Genizaros mentioned above were detribalized "Indios Barbaros" who had been taken into New Mexican Hispanic households and Christianized.
 
These Indios Barbaros were of the savage Indian nations. In particular Navajos, lots n lots of Navajos. Comanches too, lots of them. Apaches and Utas (Ute) also. Pawnees, Cheyenne and not a few Arapaho's. All of these were incorporated into the "New Mexican Hispanic" community. And this happened over a period of centuries.
 
So when I am asked the question "where did my ancestors come from" I tell them for the last 400 years + they have come from right here in New Mexico. Which used to be part of Mexico and before that it was part of the Spanish Empire. So I am a New Mexican, plain and simple.

Friday, August 30, 2013

Cloverine and Rosebud Salve


 
I used to go door to door selling these when I was a kid, 9 through about 12 in the late 1950's. Everyone in Rowe, New Mexico used both of these for everything. The Rosebud salve was called "Salvia Rosa" in our Spanglish, Cloverine was called Cloverine with the word being pronounced in Spanish rather than English. I would order them by the roll and pay up front and then sell them at the suggested price and keep the difference.
 
About anything I could do to earn a few quarters was attempted. Selling Clocverine, Rosebud Salve, the GRIT newspaper as well as delivering the Las Vegas Daily Optic. All were ordered and paid for up front and you kept the profits. The Optic was a daily and sold for $.10 and the GRIT was a weekly of nothing but good news, no bad news on there at all.
 
If the GRIT was all you read the world was a rosy place to live where everyone seemed to have a lot more money than we did. This was where the ads for selling Rosebud Salve and Clovering could be found.

Saturday, August 17, 2013

Hangings And Lynchings In Las Vegas, New Mexico After The American Occupation

Hangings in New Mexico, before the American occupation, under Spanish and later Mexican control, while not unheard of, were not common, in fact you could say they were rare.

The  book El Paso Chronicles, A Record of Historical Events in El Paso, Texas written by Leon C. Metz and published by Mangan Books in El Paso, Texas  has a bit on some hangings on August 5, 1684. Ten Indians, mostly Mansos were hanged in El Paso del Norte in the mission plaza, at that time El Paso del Norte was part of New Mexico. They were hung for plotting against the Spanish and had confessed. Their bodies were left to hang from the gallows for several days as a warning to others.

When the Americans came hangings became a common occurrence, very common. Seems like the Las Vegas' (both East and West) were very violent towns on both sides of the law during this period. In reality there were many, many, more lynching than legal hangings.

Jerked to Jesus the lynching's were called.

There were only five (5) or maybe four (4) legal hangings in San Miguel County, all in Las Vegas, in the period 1847 - 1923 according to the book titled "Death on the Gallows, The Story of Legal Hangings in New Mexico" authored by West Gilbreath and published by High-Lonesome Books in Silver City, New Mexico.

These five (5) or four (4) were as follows;

  1. Paula Angel, AKA Paula Martín -The case of Paula Angel, AKA Paula Martín is not totally clear, but it is well documented. She was hung on April 26, 1861. She was the first woman to be hung in the United States, though not the first one in New Mexico. One of my paternal ancestors was a namesake of Paula Martín, I have not been able to verify or disprove that it was the same Paula Martín that was hung. She lived in the same time period.
  2. Roy French AKA Frank French - Hung on September 12, 1870 was an African American was convicted of murder.
  3. Fredrick Falkner - He was hung on August 19, 1892 at 2:51 P.M. Convicted of the ax murder of James Lannon.
  4. Herman "German" Maestas - German was a member of the notorious Vicente Silva gang. He was hung on May 25, 1894 for the murder of Pedro Romero who had married his "ex" wife Rosa Duran.
  5. Julian Romero - He was hung on April 11, 1917 at 1:00 P.M. for the killing of Maria Varela. The sheriff of the County at the time was quoted as saying that Julian had died " as bravely as any criminal has faced his executioners".

The lynchings "Jerking's for Jesus" were more numerous than the legal hangings. One of many examples of the excesses of vigilantes can be found in the book "Las Vegas, New Mexico... The Town That Wouldn't Gamble" authored by Milton W. Callon and published by the Las Vegas Daily Optic. While technically not lynching's it comes close enough to be well documented.

On January 22, 1880 four Texans came into Las Vegas bent on a "wing-ding" and in the process killed the new Marshall of East Las Vegas. NOTE: Las Vegas at the time was two separate and different municipalities, East and West Las Vegas respectively.

Anyway the four Texans were captured in Mora on the 5th of February and transferred to the East Las Vegas jail. On the 7th of February a group of self proclaimed lawmen (vigilantes) formed to get them out of the jail and "Jerk them for Jesus". The vigilantes were amatures at hanging and before the neck tie party could be performed the vigilantes became impatient and shot the prisoners as they stood waiting their turn on the "old windmill" on the Plaza.

The book Death on the Gallows, The Story of Legal Hangings in New Mexico states that there were 10 lynching's in Las Vegas between 1851 and 1893 (42 years), not counting the 4 mentioned above since the men were shot and not technically lynched and it does not take into account 2 others lynched in San Miguel County outside of the city limits of Las Vegas. This is a much shorter period than that used for the legal hangings which is 76 years.

The above lynching's refer hangings by mobs of vigilantes of persons believed guilty of some crime or other. The numbers above do not reflect lynching's of people by "private" parties of which there was at least one. The book Vicente Silva, The Terror of Las Vegas, written my Carlos C. de Baca and published by Tate Publications documents one. The lynching of Patricio Maes by the Silva gang after the gang has "tried" Patricio for "betraying" the gang. He was found guilty and hung by being thrown from the bridge over the Gallinas River near the Plaza in Old Town (West Las Vegas). A rope around his neck and tied to the railing of the bridge.